April 6, 2015
5th Block/DC History
Mr. Higgins Soviet Union vs. United States At the end of World War ll the Soviet Union and the United States were divided. The controversy for why is still debated today. There are quite a few reasons people believe for the division. Today I will look at four of the reasons and where the origins begin. The guns of distant battles fell silent long ago, but unanswered questions concerning
United States servicemen missing in action and repatriated prisoners of war continue to concern the nation. Recently, the missing and prisoners of war from the Vietnam War have been the focus of attention. But Soviet archival documents from an earlier era after World War II reveal that Americans were detained, and even perished, in the vast Soviet GULAG. To find out additional information about Americans liberated from German prison camps by the Red Army and then interned in Soviet camps, the U.S./Russian Joint Commission on POW/MIAs was formed early in 1992. Library of Congress officials, among others, have been authorized to research Russian archival materials on the subject in Moscow. Through such efforts and additional cooperation, the fate of those missing in the Cold War may become known as well.
Russian news reports tell of a United States B29 aircraft shot down by Soviet interceptors over
the Baltic Sea in April 1950. One of the Soviet pilots who downed the B29 reported that the aircraft was recovered from the sea, but the fate of the crew is unknown. The history of warfare cruelly suggests that some questions concerning the missing in action and prisoners of war will never be answered. Nevertheless, candor, goodwill, and a spirit of cooperation on all sides can minimize such questions. The opening of archives is a step forward in getting at the truth which can clear up the confusion and suspicion created in the past. Despite deepseated mistrust and hostility between the Soviet Union and the Western democracies, Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 created an instant alliance between the Soviets and the two greatest powers in what the Soviet leaders had long called the "imperialist camp": Britain and the United States. Three months after the invasion, the
United States extended assistance to the Soviet Union through its LendLease Act of March
1941. Before September 1941, trade between the United States and the Soviet Union had been conducted primarily through the Soviet Buying Commission in the United States. Nevertheless, the program did not prevent friction from developing between the Soviet Union and the other members of the antiHitler alliance. The Soviet Union was annoyed at what seemed to it to be a long delay by the allies in opening a "second front" of the Allied offensive against Germany. As the war in the east turned in favor of the Soviet Union, and despite the successful Allied landings in Normandy in 1944, the earlier friction intensified over irreconcilable differences about postwar aims within the antiAxis coalition. LendLease helped the Soviet Union push the
Germans out of its territory and Eastern Europe, thus accelerating the end of the war. With
Stalin's takeover of Eastern Europe, the wartime alliance ended, and the Cold War began.
The Soviet Communist party evolved from the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party's
Bolshevik wing formed by Vladimir Lenin in 1903. Lenin believed that a welldisciplined, hierarchically organized party was necessary to lead the working class in overthrowing capitalism in Russia and the world. In November 1917, the Bolsheviks seized power in St.
Petersburg (then called Petrograd) and shortly thereafter began using the term Communist to