People have been venturing out into the universe for many years now. In addition to satellites, both women and men astronauts have traveled into space to collect data about the universe. The first human being, the first animal, and the first spacecraft in orbit, were all achievements of the Soviet Union. In 1958 a group known as The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was founded. The first probe to escape Earth's gravity was the Soviet LUNA 1, launched on Jan. 2, 1959. It passed the Moon and continued into interplanetary space. The U.S. probe Pioneer 4, launched two months later, followed the same path. Later Soviet probes either hit the Moon or passed it and took photographs of the hidden far side, relaying them back to Earth. The first man to travel to space was Yuri Gagarin. History was made on April 12, 1961, when he successfully orbited the earth in the Votsok 1. His flight lasted one hour and 48 minutes and as he circled the earth, his speed was about 17,000 mph on the Votsok 1. Following this mission, Gagarin was killed in a test airplane crash . Neil Armstrong was the first person to ever land on the moon. Born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, he graduated from college in 1955 and joined the NASA team. In 1962, he became the first civilian to enter into an astronaut training program. In 1969, Armstrong headed the Apollo 11 mission, becoing the first human being to set foot on the moon. Other astronauts the accompanied Armstrong on this mission were Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., and Michael Collins. In 1971, Armstrong became a professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Cincinnati. Valentina Vladimora Nikolayeva Tereshkova was the first woman to enter into space. She joined a Soviet training program in the year 1961 and two years later she successfully orbited the earth 48 times in the Votsok 6. The Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth. It was an aluminum sphere, 58 cm (23 in) in diameter, weighing 83 kg (184 lb). Its orbited around the earth lasted 96.2 minutes. At the end of 57 days the satellite returned to earth's atmosphere and was destroyed by aerodynamic frictional heat. Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were both spacecrafts that were launched to Jupiter. Voyager 2 was launched on August 20, 1977, and Voyager 1 was launched 2 weeks later on September 5, 1977. Voyager 1 made it to Jupiter
The space age began as a race for security and prestige between two superpowers. The opportunities were boundless, and the decades that followed have seen a radical transformation in the way we live our daily lives, in large part due to our use of space. Space systems have taken us to other celestial bodies and extended humankind’s horizons back in time to the very first moments of the universe and out to the galaxies at its far reaches…
War (The Space). This period of political stagnation affected many different spheres of life. One of these spheres was science and more specifically astronomy which was now given a new ambitious task; conquering the space and more specifically the moon (The Space). This idea was not new since its beginning could be traced even back to Jules Verne (Lytkin). However, this idea was considered science fiction until the beginning of 20th century when we finally came to the realization that space exploration…
Space Exploration is an interesting part of today’s society. There are kids across the
world with lifelong dreams of becoming an astronaut. Although many may think space
exploration is a great thing and we should keep progressing in it, space exploration is a waste of
time because of the medical effects to crew members, the countless money we spend on it, the
environmental effects, and the dangers of the unknown universe.
The medical effects space exploration has on crew members in space are endless…
Since the invention of the telescope by Galileo in 1607, mankind has been fascinated by the vast expanses of space- the great unknown. Long before this time ancient civilizations used the stars to navigate and predict future events. Archaic astronomy marked the rise of the curiosity of other existing worlds. The launching of Sputnik I by the Soviet Union in 1957 marked a pinnacle in human innovation as well as ignited a war that would change the course of mankind forever. The great…
Space Exploration – Unit Exam Review Questions
Section 1.0 – The composition and distribution in space
1. What 2 measurements do you need to find out to determine the location of an object in the sky?
Azimuth (compass direction) and altitude (distance from horizon up).
2. a) Which star is located west at an angle of 40º above the horizon? Star A
b) Which star is located at an altitude of 53º and an azimuth of 0º? Star C
Section 2.0 – Rockets, living…
This report will discuss space exploration, specifically a theoretical mission to Mars.
Previously there were several missions to Mars before the author’s team planned on having one too.
The first mission to Mars according to NASA’s official website was the Mariner 3, which was launched on Nov. 5, 1964, when it was more than 50 years ago than now.
“Between 1962 and 1973, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory designed and built 10 spacecraft named Mariner to explore the inner solar system – visiting the…
Investments on Space Exploration
In the late 1950s, the United States had begun its exploration in space. The country has overcome many milestones since then including landing on the moon and entering other planet’s atmospheres. However, there has been a profusion of controversy about whether or not the government should continue to invest in space exploration and equipment. While exploring space offers new opportunities for advances in research and helps to ensure the planet’s safety, the money…
The adventure of going into space as human beings has been a very important milestone. There are numerous things that humans can discover from going into space. NASA is a great organization and should be allowed to continue sending men and women into space. Space exploration should continue because humans need to learn more about things outside of Earth, humans have a need to explore and discover, and for the possibility of finding other life and inhabiting other planets.
Learning what is outside…
(he'd flown previously as the first American in space on Mercury Redstone 3), Roosa, 37, was an Air Force major on his first spaceflight, and Mitchell, 40, was a Navy commander also on his first spaceflight. The backup crew for this mission was Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, and Joe Engle. The Apollo 14 command module "Kitty Hawk" is currently on display at the Astronaut Hall of Fame in Titusville, Florida.
America's first experimental space station, Skylab, was designed for long durations…
When Galileo trained his telescope on the skies in 1609, a thin veil was lifted. What had appeared to the human eye for centuries as a decorative dome became a vast universe of real worlds to explore. Gradually, Engineers and scientists became convinced that the barriers to space flight could be overcome. (Neal: 13) Who would build the machines that could ascend beyond our atmosphere and into space? Early in the twentieth century several brilliant theorists made parallel progress…