Space Exploration When Galileo trained his telescope on the skies in 1609, a thin veil was lifted. What had appeared to the human eye for centuries as a decorative dome became a vast universe of real worlds to explore. Gradually, Engineers and scientists became convinced that the barriers to space flight could be overcome. (Neal: 13) Who would build the machines that could ascend beyond our atmosphere and into space? Early in the twentieth century several brilliant theorists made parallel progress around the world and, in 1926, Robert Goddard launched the first liquid-propellant rocket. The forty one-foot flight from a cabbage patch for-shadowed the 1967 launch of Wernher von Braun’s giant Saturn V developed to lift astronauts to the moon. This mission was a mission many wanted to achieve and it now became a race to see who could achieve this historic moment first. (Neal: 35) Our everyday lives now are affected by our space program and the events that happened leading up to landing men on the moon and the events that followed. In 1957, when American faced the shattering realization that the soviets had successfully launched Sputnik, Secretary of Defense Neil McElroy approved von Braun’s preparation of a satellite and rocket for launch by March 1958. On January 31, 1958, telemetry signals from the first U.S satellite, Explorer 1, confirmed that the Juno 1 launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida had indeed achieved Earth Orbit. The first U.S satellite, Explorer 1, was launched by the U.S army’s Jupiter C rocket on January 31, 1958 almost four months after the launch of sputnik. (Baker: 53) Explorer was a bullet shaped satellite, developed by a University of Iowa team led by Professor James Van Allen. It was only eighty inches long and weighed about thirty-one pounds. Explorer 1 remained in space until 1967. Fifty five satellites with the name explorer were launched between 1958 and 1975. Between 1977 and 1984, ten more members of the explorer family were launched, each named for the specific purpose of its scientific mission. Each explorer had a specific mission and accomplishments for example Explorer 6 gave the world the first television view of earth. (Baker: 49) The armed services sent proposals to the Defense Department for satellite programs named the Vanguard project. The Defense Department decided to proceed with Vanguard because it could be shown to the world as a nonmilitary vehicle designed for peaceful purposes. President Eisenhower’s policy was that Americans should demonstrate that rockets could contribute to humankind’s welfare, as well as wage war. In 1957 and 1958, two attempts failed; the vanguard rockets exploded in clear view of the world press, shortly after liftoff. Vanguard’s missions were successful in allowing Earth stations to track its flights. The transmitters all enabled to obtain data on Earth’s shape and variations in its gravitational field. (Braun: 81) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), an agency of the United States government, established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958. The functions of the organization were conceived to plan, direct and conduct all U.S. aeronautical and space activities, except those that are primary military. One year later in 1959, NASA ordered its first piloted space craft, with the objective of placing astronauts in space, testing their reactions, and returning them safely to Earth. A total of over twenty-five missions were launched in the Mercury program. (John: 10) Our very own John H. Glenn from Ohio was one of the original Mercury astronauts and was a part of an elite group pf seven U.S. pilots. Each capsule, named by the astronaut that flew it, bore the number 7 in honor of the team. The first piloted Mercury flight (Freedom 7) lifted off on May 5, 1961. Alan Shephard was launched to a speed of 5,146 miles per hour into suborbital flight, and he became the first U.S. man in space. This
The space age began as a race for security and prestige between two superpowers. The opportunities were boundless, and the decades that followed have seen a radical transformation in the way we live our daily lives, in large part due to our use of space. Space systems have taken us to other celestial bodies and extended humankind’s horizons back in time to the very first moments of the universe and out to the galaxies at its far reaches…
War (The Space). This period of political stagnation affected many different spheres of life. One of these spheres was science and more specifically astronomy which was now given a new ambitious task; conquering the space and more specifically the moon (The Space). This idea was not new since its beginning could be traced even back to Jules Verne (Lytkin). However, this idea was considered science fiction until the beginning of 20th century when we finally came to the realization that space exploration…
Space Exploration is an interesting part of today’s society. There are kids across the
world with lifelong dreams of becoming an astronaut. Although many may think space
exploration is a great thing and we should keep progressing in it, space exploration is a waste of
time because of the medical effects to crew members, the countless money we spend on it, the
environmental effects, and the dangers of the unknown universe.
The medical effects space exploration has on crew members in space are endless…
Since the invention of the telescope by Galileo in 1607, mankind has been fascinated by the vast expanses of space- the great unknown. Long before this time ancient civilizations used the stars to navigate and predict future events. Archaic astronomy marked the rise of the curiosity of other existing worlds. The launching of Sputnik I by the Soviet Union in 1957 marked a pinnacle in human innovation as well as ignited a war that would change the course of mankind forever. The great…
Space Exploration – Unit Exam Review Questions
Section 1.0 – The composition and distribution in space
1. What 2 measurements do you need to find out to determine the location of an object in the sky?
Azimuth (compass direction) and altitude (distance from horizon up).
2. a) Which star is located west at an angle of 40º above the horizon? Star A
b) Which star is located at an altitude of 53º and an azimuth of 0º? Star C
Section 2.0 – Rockets, living…
This report will discuss space exploration, specifically a theoretical mission to Mars.
Previously there were several missions to Mars before the author’s team planned on having one too.
The first mission to Mars according to NASA’s official website was the Mariner 3, which was launched on Nov. 5, 1964, when it was more than 50 years ago than now.
“Between 1962 and 1973, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory designed and built 10 spacecraft named Mariner to explore the inner solar system – visiting the…
Investments on Space Exploration
In the late 1950s, the United States had begun its exploration in space. The country has overcome many milestones since then including landing on the moon and entering other planet’s atmospheres. However, there has been a profusion of controversy about whether or not the government should continue to invest in space exploration and equipment. While exploring space offers new opportunities for advances in research and helps to ensure the planet’s safety, the money…
The adventure of going into space as human beings has been a very important milestone. There are numerous things that humans can discover from going into space. NASA is a great organization and should be allowed to continue sending men and women into space. Space exploration should continue because humans need to learn more about things outside of Earth, humans have a need to explore and discover, and for the possibility of finding other life and inhabiting other planets.
Learning what is outside…
(he'd flown previously as the first American in space on Mercury Redstone 3), Roosa, 37, was an Air Force major on his first spaceflight, and Mitchell, 40, was a Navy commander also on his first spaceflight. The backup crew for this mission was Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, and Joe Engle. The Apollo 14 command module "Kitty Hawk" is currently on display at the Astronaut Hall of Fame in Titusville, Florida.
America's first experimental space station, Skylab, was designed for long durations…
women and men astronauts have traveled into space to collect data about the universe. The first human being, the first animal, and the first spacecraft in orbit, were all achievements of the Soviet Union.
In 1958 a group known as The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was founded. The first probe to escape Earth's gravity was the Soviet LUNA 1, launched on Jan. 2, 1959. It passed the Moon and continued into interplanetary space. The U.S. probe Pioneer 4, launched two months…