Winter 2009 Cinema History in Barcelona and Spain Cinema reflects the voice and culture of a nation. It documents important changes in politics, lifestyle, and even language. Barcelona was the birthplace for Cinema in of Spain. During the silent period of film all of the biggest Spanish directors including Marro, Chmon, Gelabert, and Bnos were based out of Barcelona (Alvarez 6). The first films that had sound where shown in Barcelona before anywhere else, although without sound due to the lapse in technological capabilities (Alvarez 7). Barcelonas movement in film did not stop there. Throughout the years and generations Catalan cinema has been a part of Spanish culture and has in its own right fought to survive. In the beginning Barcelona was the sole player in Spanish Cinema. Madrid, the other major metropolitan area, was more concerned with traditional forms of entertainment such as bullfighting and la zarzuela (musical theater) (Alvarez 6). The first Spanish film was actually that of a group of church goers leaving Sunday Mass which was entitled Salida de la misa de doce del Pilar or in English Leaving the Midday Mass at the Church of Pilar in Zaragoza. This film was already the way from 1896 and would seem to show an enthusiastic future for film if it were not for such factors as foreign competition, government, and an overbearing church (Stone 14). During the turn of the century in particular themes of the church dominated with films such as The View of Campo Valds Taken at the Leaving of Midday Mass, Leaving the Midday Mass at the Church of Saint Peter, and Voyage of His Majesty to Albufera (Stone 15). The first fiction film did not come along until 1897. The director was Fructouso Gelabert who was born in Barcelona and was a carpenter and photographer by trade (Stone 16). His first film, Brawl in a Caf, reflected the Catalan mindset of revolution and separating from its current government (which back then was not quite yet under Francos rule, allowing this films sediment to be expressed). The film was only 48 seconds long, and the story reflected the title two gentleman fighting in a caf only to be separated by a good Samaritan. Much like Gelabert, even those of middle class status showcased their wealth by sponsoring films that featured boats and trains(Stone 17). Gelabert, however, was the one who tried to pull stories into these silent films. He went on to do several literary adaptions such as Terra Baixa and Mala Raza, the latter of which he was unsuccessfully sued for plagiarism (Bentley 6). He had a sense of humor and enjoyed utilizing special effects in his film as illustrating in his films Cerveza gratis and Choque de dos translnticos respectively (Bentley 6). By the time he died he had produced over 111 films (Bentley 6). Another notable director was Segundo de Chomn. Chomn studied film in Paris, but experimented in Barcelona (Bentley 7). He brought not only color to the industry, but was the first one who introduced the concept of moving a camera while filming and thus inventing the traveling shot (Stone 18). He also introduced stop motion into the industry with his well known film El hotel elctrico (The Haunted Hotel) which consisted of a couple checking into a hotel and witnessing inanimate objects moving by themselves (Bentley 7). While the concept may sound cryptic, the film was actually done in a very light hearted and humorous manner (Stone 18). Chomn eventually teamed up with Joan Fuster Gari to start a production company of which they turned out thirty seven films, but only two of these films were picked up for distribution, making the company unprofitable. Fuster abandoned the company leaving Chomn without a studio or equiptment, and thus ending another period in Spanish and Catalan film (Stone 19). Around this time a war erupted that would change the face of cinema all over. World War I had begun, and while Spain was doing its best to stay out of it while…
Cinema in the City
Throughout cinema cities are often portrayed as a place where danger and violence occur, whereas the suburban area is an ideal place to live that is more quiet and reserved. In all cinema most people believe that the suburban area is a place where families raise their children and everything goes by smoothly. However this is not true in the film “American Beauty”. Instead of being a calm place to live the suburb in the movie is more like the city being wild and dangerous…
Dr. Leon J. Waszak
A Survey of Film
February 13, 2013
Hollywood’s Impact on Cinema
During the early period of cinema, film had no sound. This was known as the silent era because other than music playing in the background, there was no sound from the actors seen upon the screen. Written dialogue, body language, and facial expression were tactics directors used to tell a story. When inventors learned how to project voices from film they got a positive response form the…
April 15, 2015
The Innovation of French Cinema
What must be understood is that cinema is a not just a picture that is in motion and has no meaning. What we are visualizing is a true medium of art. The children of these developing generations are no longer taught to appreciate cinema or how to decipher images with hidden messages according to Martin Karmitz, a French director during the seventies. The innovation that took place in cinema in the years following the German occupation of France…
I’ve noticed something about the way that we, as an audience, view film. Trips to the cinema are much more expensive, and companies have clearly began to notice this sudden gap in the market for ‘home cinema’. Programs such as LOVEFiLM have made life so much easier and also a lot cheaper for film lovers; giving us the chance to watch up to date popular films, without having to make the expensive trek to a cinema or DVD store. DVD’s are becoming less and less popular, so much so that well known stores…
more moderate in the highlands.
People and Society
The nationality of Venezuela is Venezuelans. There are seven ethnic groups in Venezuela. There are the Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African and the indigenous people. The religions practiced in Venezuela are Roman Catholic and protestant. The official language of Venezuela is Spanish and there are numerous indigenous dialects spoken. Venezuela has a growing population of 28,459,085 people (2013).
Venezuela has a strong folk…
Contemporary Korean Cinema and Society
2013 June 19
When countries (such as the United States of America) try to create a film featuring a different culture, clashes are inevitable. One of the most prominent features in such films is a stereotype. The best example for seeing stereotypes in cinema would be watching Rush Hour 3. Rush Hour 3, a film starring a Chinese man and an African American man,…
Mexico has many different things that make it what it is. It has different things
then here in the U.S. Mexico is known for its folk art traditions. Certain artistic
characteristics were repeated throughout the region, namely a preference for angular,
linear patterns, and three dimensional ceramics. Handcrafts include clay pottery from
the valley of Oaxaca and the village of Tonala. Colorfully embroidered cotton garments,
cotton or wool shawls and outer garments…
The study of national cinema and the way in which its defined has been a topic of discussion that many scholars have debated. Stephen Crofts ‘Concepts of National Cinema,’ Susan Hayward’s ‘Reframing National Cinema’ and Andrew Higson’s ‘Limiting the imagination of National Cinema’ attempt to define the tricky boundaries of what the term national cinema means and the impacts it has on the way in which audiences perceive these types of films.
One of the key areas of debate in the discussion is determining…
This essay will discuss both the Cinema of Attractions and Narrative Cinema and their origins in order to better understand the differences found between them in regards to the criteria to follow. This essay will highlight the role that the spectator plays, and the temporality that both the Cinema of Attractions and Narrative Cinema exhibit.
Tom Gunning proposed the Continuity Model in order to better understand the beginning of film and the making of film. Gunning proposes the following assumptions:…