CHAPTER 25 ANALYSIS- WHAT HAPPENED TO ROSIE THE RIVETER?
Thinking about Evidence 1. What can statistics tell us about women’s work after World War 2? What can we learn about the postwar employment experiences by examining individual women’s statements, letters, and interviews?
Statistics shows that women’s employment fell by more than two million between 1945 an d 1947. Basically, 75% of women that struggles to remain in the workforce experienced the most wrenching changes and earn 53% of what men did.
Women’s do not expect or want to hold jobs at the expense of the returning soldiers, they were glad that the war was over…and their husband had a job. 2. What are the limitations of the types of sources mentioned in this feature? How does combining different types of sources help to overcome those limitations? What other kinds of sources might be useful?
Public officials and business and labor leaders expected women who had taken up men’s work during the war to retain the domestic life. Women s were bombarded with message that they should quit their jobs.
Women share of jobs fell rapidly and they were bumped down to lower paying work. 3. Based on the evidence in this feature, for what reasons did women leave the labor force? For what reasons did they remain in it?
Women voluntary withdrawal from the workforce for the sake of their homes as well as the labor situations, Many women gave up their wartime jobs eagerly, this result to rapid rise of marriage and birth rates. The double burdens placed on married women provided another reason for women’s voluntary withdrawal from the workforce.
“Women didn’t stop eating when the war stopped”, this makes some women remain in the workforce and its observed that those who struggled to remain in the workforce experienced the most wrenching changes in life.
Ch. 25: World War II: Activities
Visual Activity 1:
Patriotic Women on the Home Front
This Norman Rockwell illustration for the Saturday Evening Post celebrates women’s’ contributions to the war effort. Women took on a wide variety of jobs to fill the vacancies in the workforce left by the millions of men who enlisted in the armed services. Wartime necessity significantly expanded the roles that women could assume in society; the most famous representation of these new roles was “Rosie the Riveter,” the central figure in an advertising campaign designed to draw young women into assembly line jobs in the defense industries. During the war years women gladly embraced their new role in the work force.
Write a brief paragraph-length response to each of the questions below based on "Patriotic Women on the Home Front" (also on page 926 of the text).
1. Reading the Image: According to the illustration, what jobs does this patriotic woman have? To what degree has the woman compromised her femininity, if at all?
The patriotic women help fill the temporary industrial labor shortage caused by the combination of fewer male workers and they were into jobs like teaching, farming, nursing, telephone operators etc.
She looks untidy by work, and her arms look muscular and veiny.
2. Connections: What important contributions of women to the war effort did Rockwell fail to capture in this illustration? How might American women have responded to this cover in September 1943?
She does not wear military clothing (equipment). The point of the illustration is that the women did everything else,