Stereotyping In Turkey

Words: 1189
Pages: 5

Summary of: Kuzlak, A. (2014, January). Stereotyping among football fans in Turkey: A terror management perspective. Retrieved from
In his thesis and thorough study, “Stereotyping among football fans in Turkey”, Kuzlak (2014) aims to understand the causes of stereotyping between Turkish fans, which usually turns into violent acts, through terror management perspective. He argues through this perspective that violence and stereotyping among Turkish football fans are prevalent and causes a lot of harms to society, individuals, and property for years. He asserts that football is an integral part of life for many millions of people in Turkey, although it is violent and stereotypical. Moreover,
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All of them agree upon the argument that hooliganism is a disturbing phenomenon that is causing a lot of threats and harms to the society. They also agree upon the seriousness of the topic in Turkey. These agreements support my viewpoint of hooliganism in Turkey as a major social concern. Although there are similarities between the ideas of the articles, each article argues from different perspective. The 1st study by Kuzlak argues from a terror management perspective. This author has point out that stereotyping among Turkish football fans is common and it is the central cause for the lots of harms to the society as a whole. On the other hand, the 2nd article by Hendriks and Gilbert argues about the same issue of hooliganism in Turkey, but from the media expression and influence perspective. In their study, they assert that the media coverage has a big role in promoting hooliganism, especially in Turkey. This contradicts the view of Kuzlak, who claims that stereotyping has a bigger role in encouraging hooliganism. Whereas, the 3rd study by Karahüseyinoğlu emphasizes based on a survey that most football fans in Turkey are fanatics, but not racist. Also, it points out that sports media took an important role in increasing the conscience of the society about the game of football, which also contradicts the argument of Hendriks and Gilbert in view of the media role as well as Kuzlak’s argument in terms of stereotyping among Turkish football fans. Overall, the three studies are very helpful and significant to my topic focus since they contain information about the Turkish football fans and the football related violence in Turkey with taking in consideration a variety of aspects as