A Brief Note On Sexually Transmitted Infections

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Ch.15 Sexually Transmitted Infections
* Health authorities now consider chlamydia infections a major health problem because it is the most frequently reported infectious disease in the U.S. among teenagers. Chlamydia also leads to trachoma, premature delivery and may develop pneumonia on babies with an infected mother.
- Complications that accompany gonorrhea are the following:
In males gonorrhea involve the prostate, bladder, kidneys, and testes. Many men develop abscesses that forms in the prostate. It results in fever, painful bowel movements, difficulty urinating, and general discomfort. If it is left untreated it could affect both of the testes developing to permanent sterility.
In females gonorrhea complications result from the spread of the infection into the upper reproductive tract, where it causes PID. Also sterility and ectopic pregnancy may develop from untreated gonorrhea.
In both sexes bacteria enters through the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body to produce different kinds of symptoms. Babies may experience an eye infection when passing through the birth canal and when it is orally contracted, throat infection may develop.
-Health authorities are concerned about syphilis in the U.S. because it has increased since the 90s and it is most likely affecting men that have sex with other men.
* Herpes virus can be transmitted if an open sore is not present through the process of shedding of an active herpes carrier.
- Health practitioners consider genital warts a serious problem because it has been increasing in both sexes that this infection has reached epidemic proportions in recent years. It is also the most common viral STI in the U.S. affecting 15% of people.
- Hepatitis A & B can be sexually transmitted. Some of the symptoms are nonexistent to mild flu like symptoms to an incapacitating illness known for the high fevers, vomiting, and severe abdominal pain. Also the yellowing of the whites of the eyes and of the skin.
* The male partner’s role in transmitting bacterial vaginosis is the harbor of infectious microorganisms that usually show no symptoms and is often transmitted through sex.
- The factors that are associated with the development of candidiasis and its treatment are the following:
The accelerated growth of yeast in the vagina can result from pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives, or diabetes. Also the use of oral antibiotics or spermicidal jellies or cream.
Treatment consists of vaginal suppositories or topical creams; such as clotrimazole, or orally administered fluconazole or itraconazole.
- Trichomoniasis effects 7 and 8 million of people in the U.S. each year. The complications that are associated with this infection is the discharge that irritates the tissue of the vagina and vulva causing women to become inflamed, itchy, and sore from their genitals. Men feel the urge of urinating more