Essay on Stonehenge’s Creation

Submitted By nicolerin1995
Words: 452
Pages: 2

Who built Stonehenge?
The ancient structure of Stonehenge a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire was theorised by archaeologists to have been built between the years 3100 and 2800 BC. Located about 3.2 kilometres west of Amesbury and 13 kilometres north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones and sits at the centre of the densest complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.
Radiocarbon dating of the site indicates that the building of the monument began around the year 3100 BC and ended 1600BC. This scientific evidence eliminates a few of the varied theories put forward about the origins of Stonehenge. One of the more popular theories was the theory of the Druids behind it though as the Celtic society spawned the Druid priesthood only existed after 300BC a theory widely popularized by the antiquarian William Stukeley. To further disprove the theory were the fact the Celtics performed their rituals and sacrifices in woods or mountains that were more suited to their unique earth rituals then the open field stone henge is situated in.
Another theory which history coordinates with is the Romans. They first came to the British Isles when Julius Caesar led expeditions in 55BC triggering the theory of Stonehenge’s creation was originally a Roman temple. According to the 12th-century writer Geoffrey of Monmouth, whose
Perhaps the most popular of all theories put forward was the legendary tale of King Arthur and mythical account of English history were considered factual well into the Middle Ages. Stonehenge is the handiwork of the wizard Merlin. In the