PARAGRAPHS - FOCUS * Does the paragraph address one point? * Is the point made explicit in the first sentence (topic sentence)? * Are the supporting sentences organized clearly and logically to explain/elaborate /define/give examples relating to the topic sentence? * Does each paragraph state its case clearly and completely, or should there be more evidence/detail? * Does the paragraph synthesise information from different sources? * Are the paragraphs between 3 and 8 sentences long?
WRITING - FLOW * Are linking words used to establish connections between paragraphs?
For example: Another factor in the success of students at university is the ability to plan. * Are the pieces of information in sentences connected to ensure argument can be easily followed?
For example: According to Smith (2006) there are three main problems with this approach. Firstly, it neglects…Secondly,….Finally, this approach may result in… * Does the writing use signal or linking language to indicate moving from point to point?
For example expressing result: Consequently it can be concluded that good academic writing skills are an important factor in a student’s success at university. * Showing alternative ideas: Jones (2005) suggests…..however Christy (2006) challenges this notion. * Showing contrast between ideas: In comparison, most researchers in the field of physics rely on quantitative data methods. (see Linking words and phrases)
SENTENCES - STYLE/EXPRESSION * Does the writing use formal verbs? look at should be examine/consider/investigate talks about should be discusses/reviews * Does it use formal expression?
Let us consider should be The issues that will be examined are… * Does it use specific language avoiding ambiguous it/this/they? Eg This research… * Does it avoid emotive language, eg, extremely – significant * Does it use parallel construction?
Good managers evaluate the costs of the presentations, the quality of the presenters, and whether the programs are worthwhile.
Good managers evaluate the…