Study Guide: Criminal Justice Essay

Submitted By kardashloverz12
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Pages: 5

Community corrections- Ex) Halfway houses; Anything that is punishment in the community ; Depends less on traditional confinement options and more on correctional resources available in the community. Ex) Probation, parole, home confinement, and electrical monitoring of offenders

Fines- Have to pay fine to parole or probation officer;

Intensive probation supervision- A form of probation supervision involving frequent fact to face contact between the probationer and the probation officer

Intermediate sanctions- Anything between probation and prison; Ex) Spilt sentence, intensive probation supervision; Appropriate punishment without constraints to prison or probation; Judges accept 80% of those offered; 3 advantages (less expensive, socially cost effective, and flexible)

Medical parole- A person gets released on prison on parole because of medical or mental issue; Someone who is probably not going to commit another crime due to a medical condition

Mixed sentence- Combination of sentences at the same time; Ex) Prison and probation or treatment and community service

Parole- Early release from prison; apply for parole; decided by parole board of statutory degree; “ Supervised early release of inmates from correctional confinement” ; The status of a convicted offender who has been conditionally released from prison by a paroling authority before the expiration of his or her sentence, is placed under the supervision of a parole agency, and is required to observe the condition of parole.

Parole/probation violation- An act or a failure to act by a parolee or probationer that does not conform to the condition of his or her parole or probation

Parole revocation- Refers to a person who is on probation and violated a term and then sent to prison ;

Probation- An alt to prison and decided by a judge; Two types (General and Specific); “ a sentence served while under supervision in the community”; Most common sentence ; Goal is to retain some control over criminal offenders while using community programs to help rehabilitate them Statistics- Day fees- Where probationers pay a fee for part of their supervision
Probation revocation- The administrative action of a paroling authority removing a person from parole status in response to a violation of lawfully required conditions of parole, including the prohibition against committing new offense; Usually results in the offenders return to prison

Restitution- A court requirement that an accused or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the crime of provide services to the community

Shock incarceration- Primarily the use of a boot camp where it is a short period of incarnation but highly intense; Tries to impress on convicted offenders the realities of prison life; Mostly for juveniles

Shock probation- Person is put into a prison for a very shot period of time and then apply for probation release; Short period in custody before release; Clients must apply for release; Offenders may not be aware that they will be released on probation and may expect to spend a much longer time behind bars

Split sentence- A period of one sentence and a period of another sentence; Combination of imprisonment and probation

Suspended sentence- The court decision to delay imposing executing a penalty for a specified or unspecified period. Also, a court disposition of a convicted person pronouncing a penalty of a fine or a commitment to confinement but unconditionally discharging the defendant or holding executing of the penalty in abeyance upon good behavior, AKA sentence withheld.

Minnesota v. Murphy- Conversation between a probationer and their officer are not private and can be used in court

U.S. v. Knights- Warrantless searches for a probationer and parolee

Boot camps- Used for shock incarcerations

Early punishments- Mutilation- Strategy of specific deterrence that makes it difficult or impossible for the individuals to commit future crimes Ex) If you steal,