Essay on Study Guide for Ant 102

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Cultural relativism- The idea that cultural traits are best understood when viewed within the cultural context of which they are part.

Ethnocentrism- The practice of viewing the customs of other societies in terms of one's own.

Human Terrain System- provide military commanders and staff with an understanding of the local population

Informed consent- is a phrase often used in law to indicate that the consent a person gives meets certain minimum standards.

Informant- A person who provides information about his or her culture to the ethnographic fieldworker

Interlocutor- someone who informally explains the views of a government and also can relay messages on your behalf

Participate observation- participating fully in another culture by being there in person

Bronislaw Malinowski- first to do participant observation

Franz Boas- Father of anthropology

Trobriand- eastern coast of New Guinea

Baffinland- in artic circle

Call system-

Code switching- switching between one or more language, or language variety, in the context of a single conversation.

Dialect- refers to a variety of a language that is a characteristic of a particular group of the language

Language- using complex systems of communication

Language ideologies- is a systematic construct about how particular ways of using languages carry or are invested with certain moral, religious, social, and political values

Functionalism- This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures that shape society

Historic particularism- Looking for a significance in a study related to a particular research field

Innovation- changing for the better

Plasticity-change due to response to a change in the environment

Postmodernism- reaction to explain change in reality


Anthropology- The study of humankind, in particular.
The comparative study of human societies and cultures and their development.

Applied Anthropology-application of the method and theory of anthropology to the analysis and solution of practical problems.
Archeology- the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures.
Biological Anthropology- branch of anthropology that studies the physical development of the human species.

Physical anthropology- the branch of anthropology dealing with the genesis and variation of human beings.

Cultural Anthropology- social anthropology: the branch of anthropology that deals with human culture and society.

Culture- the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc.
2. that which is excellent in the arts, manners, etc.
3. a particular form or stage of civilization, as that of a certain nation or period: Greek culture.
4. development or improvement of the mind by education or training.
5. the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group

Emic- pertaining to or being a significant unit that functions in contrast with other units in a language or other system of behavior.

Etic- pertaining to or being the raw data of a language or other area of behavior, without considering