The future challenge of aged care
Why demand for services relating to the care of older persons increased?
Increasing percentage of the population consists of older persons
Life expectancy increased
Changes in family structure and social expectations
People aged over 65
In 2001: 13% of the population, 2.4 million
In 2021: 18%
In 2042: 24.5%
Aged over 10
In 2001: 2,503
In 2051: 38,000
Enter the roborts
What is travelling robot?
Which can be criticized?
In the future?
Mobile robot with a screen through which a doctor at a remote location can converse with a patient.
Grounds of depersonalization
1. Remote regions in the developing world. – not depriving people of contact with their surgeon or doctor
2. Visual contact relieve anxiety
Future robots make you to talk with several doctors through it
Da Vinci surgical system
In brain surgery
Canada’s Neuro Arm
Developed by us firm intuitive Surgical, Currently used at 22 hospitals in Britain
Approved for thoracoscopic (chest) surgery, cardiac procedures with adjunctive incisions, urologic gynecologic, pediatric, and trans oral otolaryngology (ear, nose and throat) procedures.
Minimally invasive surgery
Quicker recovery times for patients
Allows the surgeon to operate remotely on the patient’s brain while accessing a near-real-time magnetic resonance imaging feed.
Surgeons can perform common neurological procedures such as biopsy and the manipulation of soft tissue
Robots carry out routine surgical procedures is possible adv. : Lower ranking medical staff than surgeons are left to supervise patients concerns: need to make sure that whoever’s there can cope when something goes wrong.
A robot in the pharmacy (p. 30)
Robot in pharmacy
(Robotic IV Automation)
Could do the job in a safer, cheaper and more efficient manner
Fully automates the preparation of IV solutions in hospital pharmacies.
“Many errors have resulted from this manual compounding, and much microbial contamination has been documented in this compounding.” (Luci A. Power, senior pharmacy consultant at San Francisco based Power Enterprises)
Filling a need (p. 30~ 31)
Where the idea for a pharmacy robot came from?
Intelligent Hospital Systems
Challenges (p. 31)
Database (p. 31)
1) relational database
Market research confirmed that pharmacist wanted an in-house automated system that could mix IV drug compounds (Thom Doherty, chief technology officer at Winnipeg, Manitoba-based Intelligent Hospital Systems
Formed in 2004 to develop such a robot, with mechanical, electrical and computer engineers to do the job.
Pharmacists wanted to be able to continue working with the lab equipment they already used → engineers had to design a robot that could handle pieces of equipment that weren’t uniform in size or shape.
1) Hold the data that determines to robot’s movements for handling equipment. That also stores the processing steps used to prepare the IV products. RIVA uses its database to understand how to accept input products (syringes, IV bags and vials) that are of varying dimensions
2) To securely store drug order information, confidential patient information and other important data.
Quality control (P.31)
What RIVA uses?
Which can robots do?
Hospitals with manual processes?