Surgery and Robot Travelling Robot Essay

Submitted By dnjswnsdh
Words: 836
Pages: 4

In the hands of machines? The future of aged care

The future challenge of aged care

Why demand for services relating to the care of older persons increased?

In Australia

Increasing percentage of the population consists of older persons
Life expectancy increased
Changes in family structure and social expectations

People aged over 65
In 2001: 13% of the population, 2.4 million
In 2021: 18%
In 2042: 24.5%
Aged over 10
In 2001: 2,503
In 2051: 38,000

Enter the roborts

DR Robot
Travelling robot

What is travelling robot?
(RP-7)

Which can be criticized?

Potential?

In the future?

Mobile robot with a screen through which a doctor at a remote location can converse with a patient.

Grounds of depersonalization

1. Remote regions in the developing world. – not depriving people of contact with their surgeon or doctor
2. Visual contact relieve anxiety

Future robots make you to talk with several doctors through it

Surgery

Da Vinci surgical system

Benefits

In brain surgery
Canada’s Neuro Arm

In future

Developed by us firm intuitive Surgical, Currently used at 22 hospitals in Britain
Approved for thoracoscopic (chest) surgery, cardiac procedures with adjunctive incisions, urologic gynecologic, pediatric, and trans oral otolaryngology (ear, nose and throat) procedures.

Minimally invasive surgery
Less pain
Fewer complications
Quicker recovery times for patients

Allows the surgeon to operate remotely on the patient’s brain while accessing a near-real-time magnetic resonance imaging feed.
Surgeons can perform common neurological procedures such as biopsy and the manipulation of soft tissue

Robots carry out routine surgical procedures is possible adv. : Lower ranking medical staff than surgeons are left to supervise patients concerns: need to make sure that whoever’s there can cope when something goes wrong.
A robot in the pharmacy (p. 30)
Robot in pharmacy

RIVA
(Robotic IV Automation)

Could do the job in a safer, cheaper and more efficient manner

Fully automates the preparation of IV solutions in hospital pharmacies.
“Many errors have resulted from this manual compounding, and much microbial contamination has been documented in this compounding.” (Luci A. Power, senior pharmacy consultant at San Francisco based Power Enterprises)

Filling a need (p. 30~ 31)

Where the idea for a pharmacy robot came from?
(p.30)

Intelligent Hospital Systems
(p.30)

Challenges (p. 31)

Database (p. 31)
1) relational database

Market research confirmed that pharmacist wanted an in-house automated system that could mix IV drug compounds (Thom Doherty, chief technology officer at Winnipeg, Manitoba-based Intelligent Hospital Systems

Formed in 2004 to develop such a robot, with mechanical, electrical and computer engineers to do the job.

Pharmacists wanted to be able to continue working with the lab equipment they already used → engineers had to design a robot that could handle pieces of equipment that weren’t uniform in size or shape.

1) Hold the data that determines to robot’s movements for handling equipment. That also stores the processing steps used to prepare the IV products. RIVA uses its database to understand how to accept input products (syringes, IV bags and vials) that are of varying dimensions
2) To securely store drug order information, confidential patient information and other important data.

Quality control (P.31)
What RIVA uses?

Which can robots do?

Hospitals with manual processes?

Money saving
Sterile…