Systems Notes Essay

Submitted By snowdon293
Words: 2625
Pages: 11

Systems Notes: Vulnerability of Rainforests and Biodiversity 4.2

REDD
• The United Nations ‘Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation’ (REDD) scheme attracted over US$ 4.5 billion
• It is a system involving payment to developing countries (with remaining intact forests) by developed countries (with high greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and high reduction targets) to reduce deforestation and degradation rates, which contribute to approximately 20% of global annual GHG emissions.
• Will work by reducing local communities’ dependency on forest products.
• However, it simply transfer the threats to other non-protected forests

Borneo Forest
• The majestic forests are vanishing in smoke and sawdust, but there's still hope for the island's fabled biodiversity—if the palm oil rush can be slowed.
• Natural resources exploited—many would say plundered—by a succession of peoples from around the world.
• Borneo has more than 15,000 known species of plants, including more than 2,500 species of orchids. Southeast Asia's lowland forests, including Borneo's, are the tallest tropical rain forests in the world, and may have as many as 240 species of trees on a single four-acre site.
• two decades, an estimated two million acres were cleared annually,
• Unsustainable: corruption, locals not helping→ Combat the problem by reducing crime, and have own safety in mind
• Economic incentives: can go onto degraded land rather than forested land. Until now, oil palm permits have been allocated in an ad hoc manner, regardless of environmental concerns.

Amazon Forest
• During the past 40 years, close to 20 percent of the Amazon rain forest has been cut
• Destroys Diversity
• Once the trees are extracted and the loggers have moved on, the roads serve as conduits for an explosive mix of squatters, speculators, ranchers, farmers, and, invariably, hired gunmen
• Measures to reduce corruption, education
• PM imposed conditions on his growers: no illegally cleared land, no slave labor, no spraying of agrotoxins within 500 meters of a stream.
• "There is potential for a win-win situation," says Nepstad, who believes that three-way partnerships among NGOs, the government, and the private sector offer the best hope for stopping rampant clearing.
• Soybean cultivation. "It's environmentally beneficial," The land here is very poor. If you don't take the right corrective measures, you couldn't produce anything. It's not true that soy degrades the soil.
Systems Notes: Vulnerability of Rainforests and Biodiversity 4.2

REDD
• The United Nations ‘Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation’ (REDD) scheme attracted over US$ 4.5 billion
• It is a system involving payment to developing countries (with remaining intact forests) by developed countries (with high greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and high reduction targets) to reduce deforestation and degradation rates, which contribute to approximately 20% of global annual GHG emissions.
• Will work by reducing local communities’ dependency on forest products.
• However, it simply transfer the threats to other non-protected forests

Borneo Forest
• The majestic forests are vanishing in smoke and sawdust, but there's still hope for the island's fabled biodiversity—if the palm oil rush can be slowed.
• Natural resources exploited—many would say plundered—by a succession of peoples from around the world.
• Borneo has more than 15,000 known species of plants, including more than 2,500 species of orchids. Southeast Asia's lowland forests, including Borneo's, are the tallest tropical rain forests in the world, and may have as many as 240 species of trees on a single four-acre site.
• two decades, an estimated two million acres were cleared annually,
• Unsustainable: corruption, locals not helping→ Combat the problem by reducing crime, and have own safety in mind
• Economic incentives: can go onto degraded land rather than forested land.…