Criminal Justice System
Level 3 Award in Education and Training
(Task 2 Part B)
To introduce learners to a Criminal Justice system that both support victims and ensure justice Lesson Aim
To describe the current justice system
To recognise the need for victim inclusion in justice system
To describe Restorative Justice system
The UK criminal Justice System
Need for victim inclusion in Justice System
Elements of Restorative Justice
Give one example of a crime you have witnessed
Current Justice System in the UK
What law was broken?
Who broke it?
What is the punishment?
History of Justice System in the UK
Executions were the norm for punishing crime
1166 - HENRY II BUILDS JAILS
These include Newgate Prison in London. Henry also establishes courts in England.
1215 - MAGNA CARTA SIGNED BY KING JOHN
Marking the beginning of English judicial rights, it states that no man can be imprisoned without trial by his peers.
1948 - CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT
This creates a model for modern day prisons. It recommends longer periods of imprisonment for training and rehabilitation and efforts are made to involve staff in the reform of prisoners.
Present Criminal Justice System
84,135 persons in prison custody
(as at 31 March 2013)
80,387 persons entered prison in 2013-2014
£4.8billion being cost of entrants during the year 10 years of tax of median salary earner to keep one person in prison for 1 year!
Gaps in current system
Most people who move through the current system of criminal justice do not find it a healing or satisfying experience.
Victims often feel re-victimized and their need for justice unmet.
People who offend and their families are left more broken and damaged.
Reoffending – a revolving door
47% of adults are reconvicted within one year of release – for those serving sentences of less than 12 months this increases to 60%.
Reoffending by ex-prisoners costs society at least £11 billion a year.
64.3% of women released from prison in 2004 were reconvicted within two years.
75% of children released in 2007 reoffended within a year.
Emotional impact of crime
Effect on victims
What other words can we use?
What is Restorative Justice?
Restorative Justice is a community-based approach to dealing with crime, the effects of crime, and the prevention of crime.
Restorative Justice processes operates from a perspective that the path to justice lies in problem solving and healing rather than punitive isolation (imprisonment)
The Questions RJ asks
The fours questions Restorative Justice tries to answer What happened (the crime)?