Introduction: Page 1
Keywords: Page 1
Water management schemes disadvantages and advantages: Page 2
Case study: About Aswan Dam: Page 3
Aswan Dam advantages and disadvantages: Page 3
How it improves the lives of people: Page 4
Opinions (quotes) on the Aswan Dam: Page 4
My opinion: Page 4
Conclusion: Page 5
Bibliography: Page 5
Ravi Vamadevan 10G1 Candidate number: 9342 Centre number: 13216
Water task: Discuss how water management scheme (s) can improve the lives of people in the developing world.
Water is one of the most essential resources in the world where the demand for water has massively increased. The demand for water is increasing due to the population increasing every day, consumer demand, industrial growth and agriculture demand. Water is an uncomplicated need for any living thing as well as it is used for human needs such as; gardening, cleaning, drinking, cooking and water sports etc.
When the Earth’s population was much smaller, the effects of human activity were usually small and local. Nowadays, our actions have a far widespread effect. People around the world are also demanding a higher standard of living as they want more of a comfortable lifestyle. This crisis demands to an increase of raw materials to have more luxury. Farmers also have to use more water to grow and produce more crops for the people who buy them.
Water is very important to everyday use. Without any water, there will be no life on Earth. Water shortages are all around the world, in both less economically developed countries (LEDC) such as India and more economically developed countries (MEDC) such as the Spain.
Borehole: A deep, narrow hole made in the ground, to locate water or oil.
Sanitation: The provision of clean drinking water and acceptable sewage disposal.
Dams: A body of water controlled by such a barrier.
Water filters: A filter to remove impurities from the water.
Appropriate technology: Technology that is suitable to the social, economic and environment conditions of the geographic area in which it is to be applied.
Water management schemes: The activity of planning, developing and distributing and managing the prime use of water resources.
Water purification tablets: Are self-contained units that can be used by recreational enthusiasts, military personnel, survivalists, and others who must obtain drinking water from untreated sources.
Reservoirs: A natural or artificial place where water is collected and stored for use, especially water for supplying a community, irrigating land, furnishing power, etc.
Case study: Aswan Dam, Egypt:
The Aswan Dam is a dam situated across the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt. Many people say the name commonly refers to the High dam. The construction of the High dam became a key objective of the Egyptian Government following a resolution by having the ability to control floods, provide water for irrigation, and generate hydroelectricity which was seen as essential. The High dam has had a significant impact on the economy and culture of Egypt.
But before when the dams were built, the Nile River flooded every year when water flowed down the valet from its basin. These floods brought high water and natural nutrients and minerals that enriched the soil along the floodplain. This had made the Nile valley ideal for farming since a long time ago.
As Egypt’s population grew and conditions changed, they all had a desire to have the ability to develop to control the floods, so that it could protect farmland which helps the country economically. With the reservoir storage provided by the Aswan dams, the floods could be lessened and the water…