Computer Fraud And Abuse Act 1986 And Children's Internet Protection Act

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Bis220 week1

Information Technology Acts
In the 21st century information technology has continual moved ahead over the years, ethical concerns are now issues today? Accordingly, the government executed specific acts to govern these concerns. In this paper two of those Acts will be addressed, The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act 1986 and Children’s Internet Protection Act, 2000. The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act 1986.
Years ago there were no laws were established to monitor or regulate the usage of computers. Laws are created to respond to ethical concerns or social issues, in the early 70’s and 80’s there were no know problems pertaining to the use of computers. In the mid 1980’s technological advances brought personal computers into widespread use in homes, high schools, colleges, and businesses (Encyclopedia Computer Science 2002). The use of telephone lines and modems became the interconnections of computers. People could now store confidential and personal information on home and business computers, which made the information vulnerable to interferences.
The U.S. Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 was an amendment to the Counterfeit Access Device and Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1984(Encyclopedia Computer Science 2002). It was the first comprehensive legislation in the US to identify and provide for the persecution of crimes committed through and against computer systems. In 1984, there were only three areas of this Act that were covered as it relates to crimes related to the use of computers. The three areas was all related to the unauthorized access of federal government data, consumer credit information and unauthorized access to a computer used for, or on behalf of, the U.S government. Because the 1984 Act was limited to government computers the Act of 1984 was superseded in 1986. In 1986 the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 was established to include government and non-government computers. The U.S. government has the right to regulate commerce between or among several states (Computer Law 1991). It was illegal to intentionally without authorization, attempt to obtain protected information.

Information Technology Acts

Nakia Rogers

University of Phoenix


Donald Hunter

January 21, 2013

Information Technology Acts

While information technology continual to move ahead over the years, ethical concerns turn into an issue. Accordingly, the government executed specific acts to govern these concerns. Even as some of these acts exists, this text centered on two sections specifically: US Patriot Act of 2001, and Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970. Whereas the Patriot Act was executed to lessen terrorist activities by the use of the internet, the Fair Credit Act was executed to give every American with be on a par with credit opportunities.

The Patriot Act of 2001 The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism, also well-known as the Patriot Act of 2001 was enacted in 2001. The Patriot Act was established to “deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and other purposes” (US).

Table 1.1 Sections of the Patriot Act of 2001
|Section |Purpose |
|311 |“Special Measures for Jurisdictions, Financial Institutions, or International Transactions of Primary Money Laundering |
| |Concern |
|312 |Special Due Diligence for Correspondent Accounts and Private Banking Accounts |