Anomie-Durkheim’s term to describe the condition of the industrial workers who seemed to be without any roots or norms as they struggled daily to survive
Charisma- Weber’s term to describe a leader characterized by large vision, magnetic style, having strong popular support and aspects of extraordinary, superhuman and supernatural character
Disincentive- anything that discourages people from doing
Enculturation- the process by which members of a culture learn and internalize shared ideas, values, and beliefs
Low-income cut off line (LICO)-a complex statistical measure by statics Canada, commonly known as “the poverty line”
Inclusiveness- the belief that all law abiding people, regardless of their particular back ground or circumstances should be able to play a constructive role in the life of the nation
Mass Culture- when a large proportion of the population participates in cultural activates
Norms- customary types of behavior; specific rules that outline what is considered to be standard behavior for our role.
Singularity- a belief that everyone in society should act and think the same way
Future shock –disorientation brought on by technological advancement, creating a sense that the future has arrived prematurely
Pluralism-the belief that there should be wide spread acceptance of difference in culture religion, values and lifestyle with in society
Social mores-the behavior regarded as essential to the welfare and survival of the group
Pecuniary emulation-clearly demonstrating one`s monetary worth
Conspicuous consumption-publicly demonstrating excessive wealth by purchasing luxury items
Technological determinism-the view that social change is initiated by technology and not necessarily by the individual
Quintile-one fifth of the population
Luddite- member of society who vehemently opposes new technology and does everything he/she can to halt its progress
Abotic Change- change in our habitat brought on by non-living factors such as weather and climate
Biotic change-change in our habitat brought on by living factors such as vegetation and population
Nomadic- moving from region to region
Domestication- the taming of plants and distribution of goods in organized on a house hold basis
Dominat Paradiem- holds that humans a duty to create material weath to make this and future generations richer, and a right to dominate change; or even corrupt the natural world in order to do so
Hyperculture- the staggering rate of change in modern technological societies
Techosis- an overblown dependency on technology
Alienation- people who act violently against society because they were alienated
Alienation = Has both positive and negative effects, It can create reformers or people who create outstanding ideas, OR people who are angry about being outcasts and express their frustration violently.
Conformity = conformity to others tends stifle social change because everyone is behaving the same. OR pressure to conform, can result. in negative behaviors such as increased racisms, bullying, sexism.
Cultural Lag Theory – Process #1; Invention – Combining elements and materials to form new ones – can be material inventions (e.g,. the computer) or social inventions (e.g, capitalism) Process #2; Discovery – discovering a new way of viewing reality – the combination of the discovery and the right timing initiate social change. Process #3; Diffusion- the spread of a discovery from one area to another – this is accompanied by acceptance of the discovery by different societies.
Wage Gap Between Men and Women Reasons – Work experience, education, major field of study, occupation, industry of employment, supervisory responsibilities, administrative decision-making responsibilities,