Using material from item 2b and elsewhere assess the Marxist view that the main role of the family is to serve the interests of capitalism. Marxism is a conflict theory which sees all society’s institutions, such as the education system, the media, religion and the state, as helping to main class inequality and capitalism. For Marxists, therefore, the functions of the family are performed solely for the benefit of the capitalist system. This view contrasts sharply with the functionalist view that the family benefits both society as a whole and the individual members of the family. First of all one reason in which the family does serve capitalism, is through the origin of the family. Engels argued that the need for the family arose when society started to value private property. With the rise of private property an organised system of inheritance became necessary. This serves capitalism, because if land and fortunes are inherited, inequality will be reproduced, in that middle class families can pass on more property to their family. Whilst the working class have little if anything to pass down to their family. This goes against everything to do with communism as they believe that property and earning should be shared. Therefore, this shows that the family serves capitalism. Engels also argued that monogamy arose. This was so that the farther knew who their offspring was, so that they could pass their property down to them. This has a clear link to inheritance, as the farther can only pass down the property to his child if he is certain that they are his child, therefore monogamy in the family does serve capitalism. However functionalists such as parsons would reject Engels view of the development of the family. Rather than being a vehicle for the passing down of wealth, the family plays an important role in the socialising and stabilising the young into adult personalities. Another reason in which the family serves capitalism is it serves as an emotional warmth from the oppressive world of work. Zaretsky argues that when a someone of the working class comes home from work of an evening, the family is there to make them forget that they are being exploited and that they have to work again the next day. Marxists would argue that this stops the working class from waking up from their false class consciousness and rising up, instead they continue to work through their oppressed lives. However, liberal feminist Jenny Somerville argues that Zaretsky the importance of the family as a refuge from life I a capitalist society. She suggests that Zaretsky underestimates the extent of cruelty, violence and incest within families. She also argues that Zaretsky ignores the fact that during the early stages of capitalism most working class women had to take paid work in order to survive, and relatively few stayed at home as full-time housewives. Althusser and poulantzas believe that the family serves capitalism by serving the ideological state apparatus. They believe they do this by socialising both pro- capitalist ideology and its own familiar ideology in order to maintain such family patterns over time. For example the family socialises its members into accepting gender roles, into accepting that it is…
labour and appearing to have a caring face, their is a false consciousness created amongst workers as they don't realise their exploitation.
Equally important is the view of the Neo-Marxists, in particular Taylor et al who argue that traditional Marxism is deterministic. For example, it sees workers as driven to commit crime out of an economic necessity, but Taylor et al reject this idea, along with theories that claim crime is caused by other external factors such as anomie, subcultures or labelling…
conditions” (Willem Bonger)
Marxist believe that reason that it is the ruling class that is responsible for criminalising the working classes, which goes directly against what official statistics and Functionalism believe. However, Marxism and Functionalism do share a similarity in that both believe structures and institutions of society play a very important role in determining how people behave, criminally or otherwise.
Marxist sociologists argue that it is the nature of…
What are Marxist theories of inequality?
• Marxism is concerned for the poor and powerless.
• It claims that society is in conflict between the rich who control everything and the poor who must work for the rich and gain little in reward for their work.
• The rich are able to maintain their position of power through control of the law, the police and other forms of authority.
• The rich also control the manufacture…
Notes: Marxism, Alienation
To Discuss Today
@ Intuitive motivations for criticizing capitalism
@ Marx’s theory of alienation
I. Why Study Marxism?
@ Historical reasons:
Marx was perhaps the most influential political philosopher in history.
~ 1/3 of the world lived under Marxist regimes in the late 20th century.
Central to 20th century geopolitics: the cold war, etc. The human race was almost destroyed over
@ There are still Marxists around today.
@ Many other thinkers…
In the 1840s, Marx began to argue that the only way for socialism to happen was for workers themselves to force the change. He wrote of a society where the workers owned the factories and farms where they were employed. Other elements of a Marxist society included free education, the abolishment of the army of the prior state, the right to vote and the right to determine representatives' pay and recall them if necessary. Marx's ideas greatly influenced Vladimir Lenin, one of the leaders…
family in society 
• On the next slide is a plan for the Marxism essay.
It has headings of issues to cover, which are
colour coded. On the 3rd slide are the arguments
and evidence that fit into these headings.
• Move the evidence/arguments into the right
sections on the plan.
• The colour of the headings matches the headings.
If you want to make it harder use the terms
which are in black and white on the 4th slide.
Outline and evaluate Marxist views of the role of the family in society…
the family is to serve the interests of capitalism.
Capitalism is society where there is a divide between two classes the bourgeoisie and the proletarians; Marxist sees the society as a massive supper structure with the bourgeoisie at the base of the structure and the proletarians. The bourgeoisie control the proletarians, using them for cheep labour and exploitation.
Marxist view of the family is to support the capitalism society; he believes that there is no other benefit of the family apart…
Have your experience and opinion of the same book changed when you read it at different periods in your life?
1) What is Marxism?
Marxist Criticism is a theory of literary criticism that is based on the social and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engel
-All texts have powerful moral, social, and political effects
-Reflective of author’s own class analysis
-Meant to propose social realism
-Shows how can characters overcome oppression
-Try to pursue classless…
German thinkers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels developed a theory mainly based on a materialist view of history and society in early 1900s, which is commonly referred as Marxism. Since its' introduction to the political science Marxism have become one of the core schools of thoughts in international relations.
However, Marxism in practice has evolved and shown differentiations from the initial thoughts and ideas argued by Marx and Engel. Especially Bolshevik leaders such as Lenin and Stalin have…