The terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001 had a profound impact on this nation’s government, security and people. The incensed citizens of this country demanded action and as a result, several different laws were passed. The centerpiece of these laws was the USA PATRIOT Act. The Patriot Act infringes the Constitution by lifting restraints on governmental interference on its citizens’ privacy and should have never been signed into law. 9/11 led to the passing of laws that violate the civil liberties of the people in this country. When discussing the Patriot Act, it is best to explain how it was signed into law. The Patriot Act was enacted as a response to the attacks of 9/11. al-Qaeda was the terrorist group responsible for the attacks which were led by an exceedingly wealthy man named Osama bin Laden. By the time he was an adult, the fortune inherited from his father’s construction company (The Saudi Bin Laden Group) was nearly $250 million (Frank 110). al-Qaeda is distinguishable from most other terrorist groups because they believe their mission is their God’s will. The main target on 9/11 was the World Trade Center’s Twin Towers. Each tower consisted of 110 floors, including basements and underground parking garages. The North Tower was 1,722 feet tall, while the South Tower was 1,368 feet tall. The towers were built using 200,000 tons of steel, 425,000 cubic yards of concrete, and had a total of 43,600 windows (Frank 8). The terrorists hijacked four planes from northeastern US airports, and two of which were crashed into the towers (one plane per tower). They utilized small knives and box cutters as weapons to overtake the planes by wounding, or even killing the pilots and passengers (Frank 5-6). The severe impact of the crashes caused fires to burn inside the buildings at an uncontrollable level. At the impact zone, the fires reached a temperature of 2,000 degrees Celsius, which resulted in the melting of the steel columns that supported the buildings. The fires caused the floors in the towers to sag, pulling in on the main support beams. When the beams could bend no further, structural failure occurred in the buildings, which directly led to their collapse. The two remaining planes hijacked that day were both diverted towards Washington DC. One plane crashed into the Pentagon, causing a portion of the building to collapse. The final plane crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania after the passengers banded together and attempted to retake control of the plane. United Airlines flight 93 (the one that crashed in Pennsylvania) was intended to crash into the Capitol Building (Frank 8). There were no survivors from any of the four planes. A total of 2,996 people (including the 19 hijackers) died in the attacks (Frank 12). The primary reason behind the attacks was US support of Israel in Middle Eastern disputes and conflicts. This incited hatred of Americans in parts of the Arab world, especially within militant factions containing members of the former Mujahideen rebel group (Frank 73). This attack that was of such a massive scale had far-reaching effects. The stock market never opened that day and remained closed until September 17th, 2001. Eventually, when the market did reopen, it dropped over 680 points. By the closing of the first week that it was reopened, the market lost over 1360 points (Zanders). The destruction of physical assets was estimated in the national accounts to amount to $14 billion for private businesses, $1.5 billion for state and local government enterprises and $10.7 billion for the federal government. Rescue, cleanup and related costs have been estimated to amount to at least $11 billion. Lower Manhattan lost approximately 30% of its office space and scores of businesses disappeared, close to 200,000 jobs were destroyed or relocated out of New York City (Jackson). Airlines have lost a total of $55 billion since 2001, losses in revenue was made up…
Correctional Health Care
Increasing Staff Motivation and Satisfaction
MGMT 591: Leadership and Organizational Behavior
Professor Brett Gordon
December 17, 2012
The organization that will be the topic of discussion in my final project paper is Georgia Health Sciences Universities (GHSU), Georgia Correctional Healthcare (GCHC) division. GHSU is both a hospital and teaching institution based in Augusta, Georgia. GHSU was founded in 1828. Georgia Health Sciences University is home to…
Learning activity Term Paper
Test for Hidden Bias
The Implicit Association Test, tests for unconscious biases. I chose this learning activity to see if I have any hidden biases. I have always believed that I was a straight shooter never putting on a facade or giving a false presentation of myself. To prepare for taking this activity, I made sure that I was in a quiet room, away from any distractions. I concentrated on each activity as they appeared on my computer screen. I chose six categories…
companies use shady accounting practices to enflate revenue or hide losses, the public can’t get an accurate picture of what they are investing in. The public demanded that something be done, so in 2002 the U.S. govt passed the Sabex-Oxly act. For my term paper I will examine some the corporate scandals that led to the creation of the act.
Deragulation was lobbied for hard on wall street during the Bush Presidency. The public was lead to believe that loosing the rules on corporate practices would lead…
who understand these concepts grow as well. These talented individuals can be looked at from several different viewpoints and depending on who that person may be could in fact determine whether it is a positive viewpoint or a negative one. In this paper I will prove why it is necessary to have Ethical Hackers in today’s security models and how they have come a long way to improve how our information systems operate in a more secure manner.
Hacker’s for years have been able to do things that the…
Final Term Paper
CRIM 130: Intro to Corrections
Professor: Joseph M. Jacobs
May 9, 2014
The first phase of the criminal process is the crime. Once a crime is committed law enforcement official decided the type of offense committed which can be categorized into two types of offense (any violation of the criminal law). Felony: The more serious of the two types of offense, bearing a possible penalty of 1 year or more in prison. Misdemeanor: Lesser of the two basic types of crime…
practices, impacts, and issues of linking agency data
globally is critical. Since the focus in this paper is on the impact
of global data interchange, the difficult technical issues surrounding user authentication, security, and privacy are not discussed in
the depth they require.
KEYWORDS automation, human service administration, infrastructure, interoperability
Interoperability is a term that is not commonly understood by most human
service professionals, although most understand the trends…
unidentified flying objects flew from behind Arnold and passed him. The aircrafts did not have tails and did not leave any sort of trail behind them. Arnold compared the movement of the objects to “saucers skipping on water”, and here is where the term “flying saucer” came to be. Arnold was truly astounded by the movement of the saucers as he witnessed them fly through valleys and close to the edges of the mountain. He suspected them to be new military aircrafts being tested, but was not convinced…
Carlo Olkeriil, Graduated School of Education Department, Portland State University
This Research Paper was written in part of the Grading and Course Requirements of the COUN 507: Addiction Pharmacology taught by Terry Alan Forrest, LPC, LMFT
DOES A TWO-DRUG COMBINATION HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO FIGHT COCAINE ADDICTION?
This paper explores a published article and a book that detail the results from a recent study showing that a fine-tuned…
measured by examination.
Evaluation and Grading: A weighted course average will be calculated using the following weights for assignments:
Highest score on Exams 1-3 25%
Second highest score on Exams 1-3 25%
Term Paper 15%
Final Exam 25%
Grades will be earned according to the following scheme:
Below 60 F
Exams: The exams will allow the student to…
Phil 263: The Idea of God
December 5, 2014
Spiritual Dreams & Christianity
"Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the Lord will make myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream"
Religion was the first field of dream analysis. According to Wendy Doniger and Kelly Bulkley, “the earliest writings we have on dreams are primarily texts on their religious and spiritual significance.” Since the very beginning…