The terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001 had a profound impact on this nation’s government, security and people. The incensed citizens of this country demanded action and as a result, several different laws were passed. The centerpiece of these laws was the USA PATRIOT Act. The Patriot Act infringes the Constitution by lifting restraints on governmental interference on its citizens’ privacy and should have never been signed into law. 9/11 led to the passing of laws that violate the civil liberties of the people in this country. When discussing the Patriot Act, it is best to explain how it was signed into law. The Patriot Act was enacted as a response to the attacks of 9/11. al-Qaeda was the terrorist group responsible for the attacks which were led by an exceedingly wealthy man named Osama bin Laden. By the time he was an adult, the fortune inherited from his father’s construction company (The Saudi Bin Laden Group) was nearly $250 million (Frank 110). al-Qaeda is distinguishable from most other terrorist groups because they believe their mission is their God’s will. The main target on 9/11 was the World Trade Center’s Twin Towers. Each tower consisted of 110 floors, including basements and underground parking garages. The North Tower was 1,722 feet tall, while the South Tower was 1,368 feet tall. The towers were built using 200,000 tons of steel, 425,000 cubic yards of concrete, and had a total of 43,600 windows (Frank 8). The terrorists hijacked four planes from northeastern US airports, and two of which were crashed into the towers (one plane per tower). They utilized small knives and box cutters as weapons to overtake the planes by wounding, or even killing the pilots and passengers (Frank 5-6). The severe impact of the crashes caused fires to burn inside the buildings at an uncontrollable level. At the impact zone, the fires reached a temperature of 2,000 degrees Celsius, which resulted in the melting of the steel columns that supported the buildings. The fires caused the floors in the towers to sag, pulling in on the main support beams. When the beams could bend no further, structural failure occurred in the buildings, which directly led to their collapse. The two remaining planes hijacked that day were both diverted towards Washington DC. One plane crashed into the Pentagon, causing a portion of the building to collapse. The final plane crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania after the passengers banded together and attempted to retake control of the plane. United Airlines flight 93 (the one that crashed in Pennsylvania) was intended to crash into the Capitol Building (Frank 8). There were no survivors from any of the four planes. A total of 2,996 people (including the 19 hijackers) died in the attacks (Frank 12). The primary reason behind the attacks was US support of Israel in Middle Eastern disputes and conflicts. This incited hatred of Americans in parts of the Arab world, especially within militant factions containing members of the former Mujahideen rebel group (Frank 73). This attack that was of such a massive scale had far-reaching effects. The stock market never opened that day and remained closed until September 17th, 2001. Eventually, when the market did reopen, it dropped over 680 points. By the closing of the first week that it was reopened, the market lost over 1360 points (Zanders). The destruction of physical assets was estimated in the national accounts to amount to $14 billion for private businesses, $1.5 billion for state and local government enterprises and $10.7 billion for the federal government. Rescue, cleanup and related costs have been estimated to amount to at least $11 billion. Lower Manhattan lost approximately 30% of its office space and scores of businesses disappeared, close to 200,000 jobs were destroyed or relocated out of New York City (Jackson). Airlines have lost a total of $55 billion since 2001, losses in revenue was made up
Correctional Health Care
Increasing Staff Motivation and Satisfaction
MGMT 591: Leadership and Organizational Behavior
Professor Brett Gordon
December 17, 2012
The organization that will be the topic of discussion in my final project paper is Georgia Health Sciences Universities (GHSU), Georgia Correctional Healthcare (GCHC) division. GHSU is both a hospital and teaching institution based in Augusta, Georgia. GHSU was founded in 1828. Georgia Health Sciences University is home to…
companies use shady accounting practices to enflate revenue or hide losses, the public can’t get an accurate picture of what they are investing in. The public demanded that something be done, so in 2002 the U.S. govt passed the Sabex-Oxly act. For my term paper I will examine some the corporate scandals that led to the creation of the act.
Deragulation was lobbied for hard on wall street during the Bush Presidency. The public was lead to believe that loosing the rules on corporate practices would lead…
Learning activity Term Paper
Test for Hidden Bias
The Implicit Association Test, tests for unconscious biases. I chose this learning activity to see if I have any hidden biases. I have always believed that I was a straight shooter never putting on a facade or giving a false presentation of myself. To prepare for taking this activity, I made sure that I was in a quiet room, away from any distractions. I concentrated on each activity as they appeared on my computer screen. I chose six categories to…
who understand these concepts grow as well. These talented individuals can be looked at from several different viewpoints and depending on who that person may be could in fact determine whether it is a positive viewpoint or a negative one. In this paper I will prove why it is necessary to have Ethical Hackers in today’s security models and how they have come a long way to improve how our information systems operate in a more secure manner.
Hacker’s for years have been able to do things that the…
issues that occur there are many that people may not be aware of, but the ones that will be discussed to explore ethical situations are Unauthorized Access related to software, hardware, network, internet web mining, IT freedom and hacking. This paper examines how each unauthorized access should be handled and provides examples of each related area of security.
Security – Unauthorized Access
Unauthorized access is known as the act of gaining access to a network, system,…
The Emancipation Proclamation
and the Death of an American Hero.
History 150 Online
10 March 2014
There were many different events that happened during the time of President Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War. President Abraham Lincoln came up with the Emancipation Proclamation which was an effort to help end slavery, eventually leading to the thirteenth amendment to abolish slavery altogether. Sadly his life was cut short. John Wilkes Booth assassinated him…
September 16 2013
Compare and Contrast Community Organizations
The two community organizations that I choose to compare and contrast is Do-All,Inc and United Way. I have worked with both of these organizations in the past, and they are both really good organizations, and do a lot of improve the overall community.
Do-All, Inc. evolved from a dream for a better life for people with disabilities. Do-All, Inc was formed in 1952 by the Bay County Association of Retarded Citizens…
- In the beginning of the 1900s, America had 76 million people, mostly in good condition. Then
before the first decade of the 20th century, the U.S. would be influenced by a “Progressive
movement’ that fought against monopolies, corruption, inefficiency, and social injustice.
1. The purpose of the Progressives was to use the government as an agency of human welfare.
- The Progressives had their roots in the Greenback Labor Party of the 1870s and 1880s and the
Pediatric Oncology Nursing
Did you know that one in one hundred new nurses will become a pediatric oncology nurse? Pediatric oncology nursing is a very demanding and heartwarming career. To be a pediatric oncology nurse means to be a primary care coordinator for the management of patients with cancer. A pediatric oncology nurse will assess patient needs, implementing a plan with appropriate tasks for the patient to gain progress. Not only will the pediatric oncology nurse help with the patient…
Software as a Service (SaaS) has the potential to transform the way information-technology (IT) departments relate to and even think about their role as providers of computing services to the rest of the enterprise. The emergence of SaaS as an effective software-delivery mechanism creates an opportunity for IT departments to change their focus from deploying and supporting applications to managing the services that those applications provide. A successful service-centric IT, in turn…