alliteration(頭韻) - refers to the repetition of a particular sound in the first syllables of a series of words or phrases.
allusion(暗示) - an indirect reference to another piece literature, etc.
antagonist(對手) - characters that presents the opposition against which the protagonist must contend.
aside(旁白) - character speaks to the audience -- on stage character don’t hear.
atmosphere(氣氛) - mood of feeling.
ballad(敘事詩) - form of narrative poetry 4 line stanzas / predictable rhyme&rhythm
bias(偏見) - an inclination to present or hold a partial perspective at the expense of alternations.
blank verse - poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
chronological order(排序) - a sequence of events arranged in their order of occurrence in time.
cliche(陳詞濫調) - over use expression.
climax/rising action(高潮) - its point of highest tension or drama or when the action starts in which the solution is given.
colloquial(口語) - phrased or word uses in everyday speech.
conflict(爭執) - the inherent incompatibility between the objectives of two or more characters or forces.
connotation/denotation(含義, 意義) - something suggested by a word or thing.
contrast(對比) - describes the difference(s) between two or more entitles.
description(描述) - a statement, picture in words, or account that describe; descriptive representation.
dialogue(對話) - a literary and theatrical from consisting of a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people.
direct presentation(直接呈現) - author tells us straight out, by exposition or analysis, or through another character.
drama - work performed by actors(play)
dynamic character(有活力的人物) - person that changes throughout the story or movie.
exposition(解答) - form of essay that explains.
falling action - the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved.
figurative language(形象化的語言) - describe something by comparing it with something else.
flashback(倒敍) - an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in back from the current point.
flat character(平庸的人物) - a minor character in a work of fiction who does not undergo substantial change or growth in the course of a story.
foil(挫敗) - character who contrasts with another character in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.
foreshadowing(預示) - the act of providing vague advance indications; representing beforehand.
free verse - form of poetry that refrains from consistent meter patterns, rhyme, or any other musical pattern.
genre(類型) - term for any category of literature or other forms of art or entertainment.
hyperbole(誇張法) - exaggerations to create emphasis or effect.
imagery(比喻) - uses an object that is not really there, in order to create a comparison between one that is, usually evoking a more meaningful visual experience for the reader.
indirect presentation(間接介紹) - shows us the character in action and readers infer what he is like from what he thinks, says, or does.
irony/sarcasm/satire(諷刺) - a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning. a sharp, bitter, or cutting expression or remark.
jargon/slang(行語, 俚語) - the language,