Hizbollah-- is a Shi'a Islamic militant group and political party based in Lebanon. Its paramilitary wing is regarded as a resistance movement throughout much of the Arab and Muslim worlds, and is considered more powerful than the Lebanese Army.
Al Qaida- a global militant Islamist organization founded by Osama Bin Laden in Pakestine; Groups in Afganistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Nigeria, Pakestine, Somalia, Syria, Yemen; operates as a network comprising both a multinational stateless army and a radical Muslim movement calling for global Jihad and a strict interpretation of Sharia law.
Red Brigades- is a Marxist- Leninist vanguard paramilitary organization, based in Italy, which was responsible for numerous violent incidents, assassinations, and robberies during the so-called Years of Lead, formed in 1970, the organization sought to create a revolutionary state through armed struggle and to remote Italy from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; attained notoriety in the 1970s and 1980s with their violent attempts to destabilize Italy by acts of sabotage, bank robberies, and kidnappings.
Red Army Faction-- Left wing militant group; communist & anti- imperialist urban guerilla group engaged in armed resistance against what they deemed to be a fascist state. 1970-1998.
Provisional IRA- (IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY) -- Is an Irish republican paramilitary organization whose aim is to remove Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom and bring about a socialist republic within a united Ireland by force of arms and political persuasion. It emerged out of December 1969 split of the Irish Republican Army over differences of ideology and how to respond to violence against the nationalist community
. 1. Israeli-Arab Conflicts-- Started as political and nationalist conflict over competing territorial ambitions following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire; The Armies of Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Iraq invaded and intervened what had just ceased to be the British Mandate; 74,000 military deaths, 18,000 civilian deaths.
Jewish Diaspora circa. 70 AD- was the historical exile and dispersion of Jews from the region of the Kingdom of Judah and Roman Judaea, as well as the later emigration from wider Eretz Israel. Millions of Jews migrated to the Americas in the 20th century. In the early 21st century the largest diaspora populations were in the United States (~ 5.75 million), France (~ 475,000), Canada (~ 375,000), the United Kingdom (~300,000), Russia (~ 200,000), Argentina (~200,000) and Germany (~120,000).
Zionism- is a form of nationalism of Jews and Jewish culture that supports a Jewish nation state in the territory defined as the Land of Israel. Zionism supports Jews upholding their Jewish identity, opposes the assimilation of Jews into other societies and has advocated the return of Jews to Israel as a means for Jews to be a majority in their own nation, and to be liberated from antisemitic discrimination, exclusion, and persecution that had historically occurred in the diaspora. Zionism emerged in the late 19th century in central and eastern Europe as a national revival movement, and soon after this most leaders of the movement associated the main goal with creating the desired state in Palestine, then an area controlled by the Ottoman Empire. Defenders of Zionism say it is a national liberation movement for the repatriation of a dispersed socio-religious group to what they see as an abandoned homeland millennia before.
Balfour Declaration of 1917- created November 2, 1917 was a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Baron Rothschild a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to