The aim of this essay is to evaluate client revised

Submitted By Bamanda372C
Words: 2454
Pages: 10

The aim of this essay is to evaluate client-centered therapy as a technique used in counselling. This will be achieved by reviewing the application and limitations taking into account of groups, families, culture and gender. Rogers own unique approach to person-centered therapy, is understanding personality and human relationships. Rogers’ theory of nurturing relationships consisted of acceptance, caring, warmth and respect in order for change to take place (Wilkins, 2010). Conditions of worth depend on the model, unconditional positive regard of empathy, congruence and self-actualization. In person-centered theory is viewed as a humanistic approach in which the client is led to express their experiences of their life (Rodgers, 1957-1959). Person-centered approach to counselling attributes to the core conditions, empathy, congruence, (genesis) and self-actualization. The experience for the client should be a positive one, they need to feel like they are being listened to and understood. It is important to engage in the client’s world so they are able to express their feelings. This will then lead for exploration, to be able to accept previously denied aspects of self-involving checking with the client which should be natural and free flowing. Respecting the individuality for the client (Mearns and Thorne, 2007). Rogers considered empathy as a ''state of being'', however Truax and Carkhuff defined empathy as a communication skill. A number of difficulties arose within the concept of empathy. Researchers measured levels of empathy responding exhibited by counsellors. It was realised that ratings produced all kinds of different patterns. These results were specific for counsellor’s statements, and the clients would be rated differently from the client’s perspective (Kurtz and Grummon, 1972). It appeared difficult for raters to be specific and accurate between empathy, congruence and acceptance. In person-centered therapy the client may be feeling vulnerable and angry, this will incur a congruence between behaviors and feelings. Persons are envisioned to be congruent when they can accept their own feelings and are able to guide their actions. Persons can also be autonomous instead of being dependent on others. To become a ''fully functioning person'', values of autonomy/being autonomous would be a capacity within reversible script behavior. Developed in later life means it is the freedom to make decisions with behavior (Rodgers, 1963: 22). Requiring to gain autonomy is the overthrow of the influence of a tribal or family history tradition, such as the parental, culture or social background. The pursuit of ulterior payoffs, from games (Colledge, YEAR). An illusion or autonomy occurs when persons believe their feelings and behaviors occur from the adult states. It is not acknowledged by persons that their feelings and behaviors will occur from the child and parent ego states. There are very few persons that can actually live without illusions. Self-determination or autonomy are the most difficult illusions to give up. When a person has achieved autonomy the person knows then that this is adult and practical. What they will accept from others, also what the person chooses to do, is determined by early impulses. Differences between delusions and illusions occur when parental directives and prejudice, whom persons believe are their own. Illusions occur when it is the child's wishful thinking of which urges that are seen as adult and rational. Illusions of autonomy occurs when persons become unaware of the above. This occurs when persons have not acquired the motivation to change. Boundaries of the adult ego would need to adjust to enable the correct processing of information to take place. As the quality of information, the adult ego state would depend if it has access to. This depends on whether the necessary skills are developed for the effective adult functioning. Ego boundaries when there is a lack of