1) The eastern woodlands native peoples mostly depended on horticulture and agriculture done by the women, which resulted in a matrilineal society, including the Five Nations of the Iroquois.
2) These merchants would make an unexpected large amount of profit and often ruled the republican city-states of Italy, where they created an ideology that recognized public virtue and service to the state called civic humanism.
3) It started when Portuguese traders established forts to trade African slaves and soon, Europeans came to trade for slaves to take them to work at sugar plantations and when the Spanish took over the Aztecs and Incas, a disease, smallpox, helped defeat them and the surviving Native start the Columbian Exchange.
4) King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabel of Castile married to complete a campaign known as the Reconquista to defeat and drive away the Muslims from their territory, Hernan Cortez succeed in conquering the Aztecs and Incas which lead to the marriage between Spanish settlers and Indian women who created a half race called mestizo.
5) Religion, mostly Christianity, unified European society, but when Martin Luther, a German monk and professor at Wittenberg University, posted his Ninety-Five Theses condemning the sale of indulgences but some, including John Calvin, admired his Protestant works and taught them to their own churches along with their own theories, like predestination, the idea that God had chosen certain people for salvation before they were born, henceforth Calvin’s theory, but there were also Puritans who worshipped this concept more intently.
6) England became an important European state and their system of textile production called outwork, or mercantilism merchants buy wool from great estate owners, give it to land-less peasants who spun it to cloth and sell it to England and foreign markets, so the economic change and religious conflict provided a lot of settlers to move to Mercian for colonization.
7) The first sign of the decline of nobility in England was the Price Revolution, because of the inflation, the population of yeomen or gentry and peasants rose, so merchants persuaded Parliament to sign an indenture to allow owners to fence open fields, but the changes that happened so quickly and weather set a series of crop failures between 1590-1640.
1) In the traditional European society, hierarchy, religion, and trade played an important role. Authority came from above, and just as kings and nobles, men ruled their families to contain the power they have. Religion also united forces in society, teaching everyone what is right and what is wrong. The Renaissance and conquering of the Aztecs and Incas affected European in a positive way, more use of trade and ideas.
2) The Spanish invasion of the New World affected many people’s lives, including in the Americas, Europe and Africa. Cortez brought European diseases to the Americas, wiping out the entire population of the Indians of Hispaniola, but the remaining Native Americans were forced to walk at plantation in England. In Europe, the Columbian Exchange allowed people to trade not only food products, but diseases from Africa and Eurasian lands. The need for more African slaves grew as more plantations are built in Europe.
To some, Christopher Columbus may be a hero, and to others, he was a murderer, but in my opinion, he was neither. Columbus started out as a struggling Genoese sea captain whose goal was to become rich and covert Asia to Christianity. Believing that the Atlantic Ocean was more than just a river of water, he asked King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel for financial aid to travel to Asia. Six weeks later, he landed in present day Bahamas and mistaken the natives as Asians, where he called them, “Indians” and tried to convert them to Christians. But he also took over the natives and ruled ruthlessly, taking all of their gold and exporting them