Global: Summer Reading Notes
By Niccolo Machiavelli
1) Why did Machiavelli write The Prince? Machiavelli wrote The Prince because he wanted to impress Lorenzo de Medici, who was the current ruler, and prove that he was knowledgeable and a useful advisor to him. He also wrote it as a mirror for Princes to read and understand how to be effective in power.
2) Name three recurring themes in The Prince? 1) One recurring theme in The Prince was that successful war is the foundation upon which all states are built. 2) Another is that it is better for a prince to be feared then hated or loved. 3) The last is free will and the cause of a prince’s success or failure is caused by …show more content…
3) Define the following terms by consulting a dictionary: Capitalism- economic system of private ownership of capital Socialism- social system based on government control of production and distribution of goods Communism- social organization in which goods are held in common
4) Choose any five of the following topics and describe their role in Utopia: cities, community life, economy, education, artisans, agriculture, philosophy, religion, law, foreign relations, and slavery. Economy plays a major role in Utopia because without as good of an economy as there is everyone would be poor and starving. Economy also plays a major role because it creates a work ethic in the community. Education also plays a major role in Utopia because Utopians work a 6-hour-day and much of the rest of the time is taken up by both academic and moral learning. Artisans basically make up the economy because in order to get any benefits out of the economy, everyone has to learn a trade. There are many Religious views in Utopia but prejudice has been outlawed so More shows a form of religious toleration which is a reaction to Henry VIII’s own prejudice. The law in Utopia is also founded on a sense of tolerance. While there are punishments for a variety of crimes, they tend to be more just and relative to the charge against the individual which