The Biological and Psychological Basis of Learning and Memory Essay

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Pages: 8

The means by which the brain performs are referred to as neuroprocesses, which are related to learning and memory. The brain is the center of every function of the body that controls functional learning and memory and how the two are interdependent. Learning occurs when the memory is stimulated. The memory is activated once learning has taken place. With knowledge at the center of attention, it is imperative to stimulate the brain through lifelong learning to achieve longevity and quality of life.
The brain is the center of every functioning part in a human body. Every process stems from the brain. The central nervous system is an intricate menagerie of cells, neurons, cords, nerves, and many other parts that act as the computer center
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Second is retaining the information. This stage requires the child to store information in his or her memory bank so that he or she can later recall what was learned. Last is remembering. This stage requires retrieving information from the memory bank and in this case the three year old needs to recall how he or she learned how to tie his or her shoe. Similarly, the case of the dog salivating, Ivan Pavlov “began his self-inflicted studies of human verbal learning and memory” (Kimble, 1985, p. 284). Pavlov performed studies testing the intelligence levels of animals. One of his most prominent studies was teaching a dog to salivate at the sound of a bell and that teaching is referred to as classical conditioning. Pavlov conditioned the dog to perform an act every time it remembered or identified a specific sound. The dog associated a sound with salivating. Also the concept of the salivating dog falls under the laws of learning and association. “Among the laws of learning, the law of contiguity is one of the oldest and most fundamental” (Nodine, 1969, p. 351). It suggests that learning will take place regardless if reinforcement is provided as long as the conditioned stimulus and response takes place together. Once a stimulus is received whether visual or sensation of touch, the sensory for memory is activated. For instance, if a child is walking the street and notices a man with spiked yellow hair, a visual stimulus is received by the