The anatomy of the brain is a very complex due to its complicated structure and functions. This astounding organ act as a control center by receiving, interpreting, and directing sensory information throughout the body. There are three major sections of the brain, these sections consists of the forebrain, the midbrain, and the hindbrain (Sternberg &Sternberg, 2012). The forebrain is responsible for a variety of functions, such as receiving and processing sensory information, thinking, perceiving, producing and understanding language, and controlling motor functions. The forebrain is divided into two major sections, the diencephalon and the telencephalon. The diencephalon contains structures such as the thalamus and the hypothalamus, whose responsibilities are for functions such as motor control, controlling autonomic functions, and relaying sensory information. The telencephalon contains the largest part of the brain which is the cerebrum. The cerebrum is the most highly developed part of the human brain and is divided into right and left hemispheres that are connected by the corpus callosum. The cerebrum is involved in several functions of the body including touch sensation, determining personality, and determining intelligence. Most of the actual information processing takes place in the cerebral cortex, which is the layer behind the brain that is often referred to as the grey matter (Sternberg & Sternberg, 2012). The midbrain and the hindbrain together make up the brainstem, which is the region of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord. The brainstem consists of the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla oblongata. Motor and sensory neurons travels through the brainstem allowing the relay of signals between the brain and the spinal cord. The brainstems also operate motor control signals sent from the brain to the body. The brainstem controls life supporting autonomic functions of the peripheral nervous system. It is responsible for several other functions of the body including blood pressure, breathing, heart rate and digestion. The midbrain is the portion of the brain that connects the hindbrain and the forebrain. This part of the brain is involved in auditory and visual responses as well as motor functions (Sternberg & Sternberg, 2012). The hindbrain extends from the
Differences Between the Left and Right Brain
Left, right, left, right--the marching song of the two-mind movement. To hear them talk, you'd think that everyone had a second mind, suppressed by the first. That the vocal left brain dominated the poor artistic right brain. Preventing it from getting a creative thought in edgewise. Soon there will be a consciousness raising movement: Stop referring to the left cerebral hemisphere as the "dominant" one. Invent a more egalitarian term like co-chairperson…
negative side effects with their brain development. The human brain is one of the most important muscles in the human body, and in children the brain is sensitive to all outside influences. It is reported that infants who’s households argued more than most were put through a test while sleeping and simple sentences that were said in angry voices caused increased “clustered activity in parts of the brain responsible for stress and regulating emotions”(Chant). Children’s brains are constantly learning and…
Anatomy and PhysiologyHuman Brain
The anatomy of the brain is complex due its intricate structure and function. Thisamazing organ acts as a control center by receiving, interpreting, and directing sensoryinformation throughout the body. There are three major divisions of the brain. They arethe forebrain, the midbrain, and the hindbrain.
Anatomy of the Brain: Brain Divisions
The forebrain is responsible for a variety of functions including receiving andprocessing sensory information, thinking…
What the brain does:Your brain is more powerful, more complex and more clever than any computer ever built. It is constantly dealing with hundreds of messages from the world around you, and from your body, and telling your body what to do.
It gets the messages from your senses - seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, touching and moving. The messages travel from nerve cells all over the body. They travel along nerve fibres to nerve cells in the brain.
1. Which Organ system contains your organ…
. . . . . . 4-5
IV. The Brain Stem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
V. Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Works Cited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
The Human Brain
The brain is the organ in the human body that controls all functions. It serves as the main component of the central nervous system. The human brain is universally divided into three…
Before we can tell the disorders of the brain I must tell about the brain briefly. The brain is the most complex organ in the human body, in terms of both its structure and chemical composition. Created by our genes, life experiences and the environment around us. Neurotransmitters perform a key role in controlling state of mind, emotions and behavior. Insignificant changes to the neurotransmitter systems can impact the development of neurological problems or brain disorders. Knowing how circuits, synapses…
Grey’s Anatomy: The Brain
In the episode of Grey’s Anatomy a 63 year old Parkinson patient came to complaining about dyskinesia of the spine, which Dyskinesia is a movement disorder which consists of adverse effects including diminished voluntary movements and the presence of involuntary movements, similar to tics or chorea. Dyskinesia can be anything from a slight tremor of the hands to uncontrollable movement of, most commonly, the upper body but can also be seen in the lower extremities. Discoordination…
we are discussing in class.
To being with the human brain is made up of six different areas: Frontal Lobe, Parietal Lobe, Occipital Lobe, Temporal Lobe, Cerebellum, and the Brainstem. These specific areas all have different functions are responsible for things such as controlling emotion, logic, language, memory, behavior and motor skills. During the first three years of a child’s life researchers have found that the development of the brain is very critical during this time. This is where the…
(1936). ‘On computable numbers’, Proc. Lond. Math. Soc. 2nd Series, 42, pp. 230–265.
Department of Computer Science
University of Shefﬁeld
Shefﬁeld, S11 4DP, UK
John von Neumann, The Computer and the Brain, 2nd edition, Mrs. Hepsa Ely
Silliman Memorial Lectures, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000, xxviii + 82
pp., $9.95 (paper), ISBN 0-300-084373-0.
When John von Neumann turned his interest to computers, he was one of the
might damage neurons
-prenatal brain development: glial cells send out long fibres that guide newly divided neurons to their targeted place in the brain
-to protect the brain from toxins
-walls of the blood vessels within the brain contain smaller gaps than elsewhere in the body, and they are also covered by a specialized type of glial cell
blood-brain barrier- specialized barrier; prevents many substances, including a wide range of toxins, from entering the brain
:: the smaller gaps and glial…