The Communist Manifesto
1. What is the economic condition of the bourgeoisie? What is the economic condition of the proletariat?
The economic condition of the bourgeoisie is they control and own the means of production, and they also own the cheap labor forces in the whole society. Furthermore, they accumulate and own the huge wealth.
The proletariat almost own nothing, they can barely feed themselves and their families through they selling their cheap labors, and the wages for them are less and less when the production became mechanized.
2. How does the expanding world market for goods affect national identity?
The bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world- market given a cosmopolitan character to production and consumption in every country (459). All old- established national industries have been destroyed or replaced by new industries. The production in material and intellectual has become a common property, the bourgeoisie through their needs to create a new market which is global and unified. Therefore, expanding world market causes nations to have less identities.
3. What benefits does Marx expect communism to provide the proletariat?
The immediate aim of the Communists is the same as that of all the other proletarian parties: formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the bourgeois of supremacy, conquest of political power by the proletariat (467). Marx except that communism should help the proletariat unite to abolish the rule of the bourgeoisie and the private property.
Questions for critical reading:
3. What are Marx’s views about the value of work in the society he describes? What is his attitude toward wealth? Marx believes that to achieve the value of the work in the society, the first thing they need to do is abolish the employment relationship, thus to eliminate the