The leading factors of abusing drugs and alcohol is stress that comes from social prejudice and discriminatory laws in everyday life.
[Minority stress- the negative effects associated with the adverse social conditions experienced by individuals of a marginalized social group is something gay and transgender people have to deal with every day. This stress is triggered by general social prejudice against being gay or transgender, as well as discriminatory laws and policies.] The lack of treatment in the health care system it leads to in appropriate and irrelevant service. A lack of access to affordable and culturally competent health care also contributes to gay and transgender minority stress. Gay and lesbian adults are roughly twice as likely as the general population to be without health insurance coverage, and rates of uninsurance are even higher for transgender and bisexual individuals. Finally it’s targeted to market to the gay community in bars social scenes. Bars, clubs, and restaurants have traditionally been places where gay and transgender people can socialize and feel safe. In many of these venues, smoking and drinking remain popular. As a result, higher rates of smoking, drinking, and sometimes drug use occur in these environments. According to a fact sheet by the American Cancer Society, tobacco companies also appeal to the gay and transgender population through direct advertising in national gay and transgender magazines; indirect mainstream magazines with a high number of gay and transgender readers, at times with same-sex undertones; and sponsorships of events or organizations that support gay and transgender issues.
Twenty-five percent of gay and transgender people abuse alcohol compared to 5 to 10 percent of the general population.
According to the N.I.A.A.A their research shows bisexual girls have higher rates of drug use than their heterosexual counterparts. It indicates that the rates are similar to those of lesbians and some suggest that they are higher.
Eight to nineteen percent of heterosexual students said they currently smoke cigarettes: twenty to forty eight percent of gay and lesbian students smoke.
Four percent to ten percent of heterosexual student s said they attempted suicide in the previous year. For gay and lesbian students it is fifteen to thirty four percent. For bisexual students it is higher. Bisexual teen is twenty one percent to thirty two percent.
Three percent to six percent of heterosexual students said they threw up or used laxatives to