The Cosmological Argument

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The cosmological arguments to prove the existence of god are defined as “Arguments that try to show that from the fact that the universe exists, God exists,” (Vaughn 58). In summary, this argument says that “There must be a first uncaused cause of everything,” (Vaughn 58). The argument implies that the “First uncaused cause is God,” (Vaughn 58). The cosmological argument handles the problem of evil with the thought that if evil exists, then God must have set it into motion. God allows “evil to exist and bring good out of it is part of God’s infinite goodness, (“The Cosmological”). Overall, individuals do not have to understand evil completely, God sees a greater good from the existence of evil.
The teleological arguments to prove the existence
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In addition to these two arguments, there is one argument against the existence of God, the argument from evil. The argument from religious experience says “That a person seems to have experienced God; the experience must have actually been a genuine encounter with God; therefore, God probably exists,” (Vaughn 59). Belief without reason is based on the idea that if believing in God brings invaluable benefits. Vaughn explains an argument of pragmatic faith by Williams James, “That sometimes we may be justified in making a leap of faith to embrace a belief that is entirely unsupported by evidence,” (Vaughn 96). Both of these arguments handle the problem of evil with the soul-making defense by John Hick, that is “Evil in the form of suffering is necessary to provide humans with a world where moral and spiritual progress is possible,” (Vaughn 85). In summary, both arguments believe that evil is needed to merit growth with God. The argument from evil to disprove the existence of God is defined as “An argument purporting to show that since there is unnecessary evil, an all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good God must not exist,” (Vaughn 60). Overall, this argument aims to disprove the existence of God from the view that if God is omnipotent, omnipresent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient, then there cannot be so much unnecessary evil in world. The argument from evil handles the problem of evil two parts, necessary and unnecessary. Necessary is pain and suffering that is needed to bring about a greater good, while unnecessary is pain and suffering without reason (Vaughn