Ms. Ashburn

Computer Apps.

October 1, 2014

Mathematics

Most high school students study several types of mathematics. In college, they complete additional math courses, some of which prepare them to study even more kinds of mathematics. You may think of math as one subject; in fact, there are many types of mathematics. This report describes seven kinds.

Arithmetic

Arithmetic is the first branch of mathematics that you studied in elementary and middle school. It deals with the study of numbers and the use of four fundamental processes:

Addition

Subtraction

Multiplication

Division

Arithmetic is everyday math. You use it daily in your personal affairs, and arithmetic is the basis for most other branches of mathematics.

Algebra

Algebra is used widely to solve problems in business, industry, and science by using symbols, such as x and y, to represent unknown values (Algebra). The power of algebra is that it enables us to create, write, and rewrite problem solving formulas. Without algebra, we would not have many of the items we use on a daily basis: television, radio, telephone, microwave oven, etc.

Geometry

Geometry is the branch of mathematics that deals with shapes. More specifically, geometry is the study of relations, properties, and measurements of solid, surfaces, lines, and angles (Geometry). It is most useful in building or measuring things. Architects, astronomers, construction engineers, navigators, and surveyors are just a few professionals who rely on geometry.

Trigonometry

Trigonometry is mathematics that deals with triangular measurements. Plane trigonometry computes the relationships between the sides of the triangles on level surfaces called planes. Spherical trigonometry studies the surface of a sphere.

Calculus

Calculus is high level Mathematics dealing with rates of change (calculus). It has many practical applications in engineering, physics, and other branches of science. Using calculus, we understand and explain how water flows, the sun chines, wind blows, and the planets cycle through the heavens. Differential calculus determines the rate at which an object’s speed changes. Integral calculus