affected in WWII
November 31, 2014
Instructor: Leslie Ruff
The Beginning of
World War II
The second world war
was the most widespread
and deadliest war in
History. It involved over
30 countries, and ended
in more than 50 million
armed forces and civilians
death. This all began with
Hitler’s capture of Poland
in 1939, and prolonged
for six years until both
Germany (Nazi’s) and
Japan were defeated in
Life was challenging for the
Japanese Americans when they
were forced into Internment
Camps. Imagine having to leave
your home, friends, and freedom,
to live in a squared area, lined
with Barbed Wire fencing.
• After Pearl Harbor, the Military
forces sent any Japanese into
internment camps all across the
US. This was because we were
afraid that we were being spied
on by the Japanese.
• Citizens were given 48 hours to
evacuate, and were allowed to
take only a few possessions.
In the Internment Camps…
• Each person had to stand in
line for everything. This
included eating, going to the
bathroom, and washing.
• Over 120,000 Japanese
communities were relocated
• They were only fed 3 times a
day, only eating potatoes and
bread, anyone over the age of
5 couldn’t receive milk, and
there was no meat allowed
until the 12th day.
By 1988, many years after WWII, the
Federal commissions finally convinced
congress that these internment camps
were very wrong. They also requested
that the US Government should accept
responsibility for these actions. The
government finally agreed to apologize to
the Japanese Americans, and then passed
a Civil Liberties Act of 1988. This
acknowledged that the injustice was
done, and also promised to repay the
Japanese Americans for all the losses they
suffered. Now, almost 27 years later, the
Japanese community is still fighting to
make sure that all the people who were
forced to leave their homes were
compensated. I believe that they should
pay back what they owe them due to
many life’s lost, irreplaceable memories
gone, and no reasons for it, other then
being accused of being a spy.
o The military authorities chose
Navajo as a code language
because it was almost impossible
for a non-Navajo to learn, write,
or read this form. The Navajo
code was also the only code the
Japanese was never able to
o The code talkers were
forbidden from telling anyone
about anything they were doing,
including other marines, families,
or friends. This was strict until it
was declassified in 1968.
o There were 200 Navajos
recruited, and the first 29
attended boot camp in 1942.
The life of a code talker
o Transmitted and received messages about the
troops movements, enemy locations, food,
equipment, and medical supplies.
o Moved around with the war to placed like
Guadalcanal, Guam, Peleliu, and Bougainville.
The Navajo code helped change their status. They
were doing things that were forbidden, but was one
of the most important secrets of WWII. Nobody other
than the Navajo Coders know how to speak this
language, and it showed trust in them to do their job,
protect each other, and be honest to any information
they received. This gave encouragement that they
Navajo could still live true to their culture, but still
work among the White man.
Women of WWII
Once World War II started, the women began to
play an important role at home and in uniform.
Their husbands, children, and fathers were
sent off to war, leaving the Women to take
over while they were gone. The US quickly
committed themselves to war after the attack
on Pearl Harbor, and that included utilizing all
of their assets- Including women.
o When the war began, quick marriages were
becoming normal due to sweethearts getting
married before their men went over seas.
Jobs and duties of