Jennifer, J. H. (2007). Defending the first: Commentary on first amendment issues and Cases/Speech rights in america: The first amendment, democracy and the media. Journalism & Mass Communication Educator, 62(2), 222-225. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/215287196?accountid=34899 This article talks about books that go over some of the Court cases over the past years that deal with the First Amendment in the media. Two of the biggest arguments that set the stage for First Amendment cases were the cross-burning cases R.A.V. v. St. Paul and Virginia v. Black as well as the KKK case Brandenburg v. Ohio. Some of the people the writer talks about also thinks that most legal scholars consider Tinker to be the landmark case, when in fact decisions regarding student rights in public schools had been decided long before then, beginning with the Jehovah's Witnesses' cases. The article argues that the First Amendment has failed to protect the rights of individuals in favor of media corporations. For example, the writer says that "Democratic communication requires that citizens possess the resources and means to exercise their speech rights in the actual media"(Jennifer Jacobs Henderson, 2007). But in all reality the way that traditional media forms such as TV and the daily newspaper are losing audiences at a very quick pace. It seems that the new "actual media" are the multitude of digital media expressed through the Internet, to which more individuals have access than ever before. The media landscape is not changing. It has already changed and will continue to change. She says that the Internet has already shown the promise of promoting citizen participation in the First Amendment.
Spotzer, I., & Walker, A. (2002). First amendment rights: Freedom to speak; freedom not to speak. Managerial Law, 44(5), 3-12. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/196367260?accountid=34899 In this article the writers talk about The First Amendment protecting the right to freedom of speech and how this protection has been