He is trying to show the impressionability of human kind. Once the Gutres hear the story of Jesus, they become obsessive over Espinosa, as he appears more and more like a messiah, from following him, to the young girl sleeping with him, to eventually crucifying him. After hearing of miracles, the Gutres display the human tendency to see miracles in what they do not understand. The immediate effect of something as simple as a few Biblical passages shows how easily human nature can be impressed upon and manipulated. Jorge Luis Borges's The Gospel According to Mark has a vital and distinct relationship with the New Testament's Gospel of Mark and with Christianity in general. This relationship is characterized by the comparison of Espinosa to Jesus Christ. The relationship is employed to illustrate several important criticisms of human nature and of religion. Despite the very strong opposition to criticism of religion throughout history and even today, The Gospel According to Mark does not hesitate to make bold criticisms, and it serves to effectively analyze these vital aspects of human civilization.
Borges, Luis Borges. “The Gospel According to Mark.” Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, Writing. Ed. X. J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 11th ed. New York: Longman, 2010. 36-40.