As the Great War began, in order to avoid a two front war, Germany created the Schlieffen Plan. The plan was to defeat France on the west and rush eastward to defeat Russia. Instead this only caused Germany to declare war on both France and Germany, creating the Western and Eastern fronts. On the Western front, Germany planned to outflank French armies and decided to go through Belgium, which was a neutral nation. The invasion of Belgium angered Britain, who then joined the war against Germany. The nations of Britain, France, Russia, and now Italy became known as the Allies. The opposing forces such as Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire became the Central Powers. War on the Western front was stagnant. The immobile trench warfare made it difficult to advance on the enemy and was also the cause of war in a small area. This type of warfare was not only unproductive but also caused disease and misery for the soldiers. The Eastern front on the other hand was far more mobile. There were attacks and counter attacks going back and forth between the eastern armies. Russia was only kept in the war because of the provisional government. After the Bolsheviks won popularity Russia pulled out of the war, which allowed Germany to focus on the west and Austria-Hungary focused on Serbia. If I were to choose a front to fight in I would choose the Eastern front. It was not slow-moving like the Western front nor did it last as long. As the war continued supplies ran scarce and the nations involved needed all the resources they can muster, this type of war is known as total warfare. The governments of the nations began a rationing system, in which they limited the amount of goods people could buy. The lack of supplies in Russia caused the Allies to come up with the Gallipoli Campaign. This was a plan to send supplies to Russia but was unsuccessful. On the western front Germany advanced to seize Paris was met by American soldiers.
As the war grew on, it also spread to nations outside of Europe. Australia and New Zealand both joined the war and