The Guilt Complex Guilt is a universal concept. The acceptance of responsibility for a wrongdoing and the sense that one has lowered their standard of conduct that accompanies this emotion is shared by every human within the normal confines of society, at one point in their lives or another. The idea that fate, rather than freewill, controls the lives of humans is another (hotly debated) universal, and the most timeless story is one which absorbs the universals of the human experience, and seeks to examine and explain them. It is at this junction that Oedipus Rex, a play written by Sophocles and set in Thebes, is found. The characters within struggle against, and ultimately fail to prevent, a prophecy which proclaims that Oedipus will be his father’s killer and his mother’s lover. In the end, the most powerful figures in the play are left broken or dead, but undeniably wracked with the burden of their moral perversion. The guilt felt by Oedipus and his mother in the play is a direct result of their failure to realize that their freewill, and thus their ability to make decisions about the outcome of their lives, is insignificant in the face of their fate. Fate was the ruling factor in Oedipus’ life. The horrifying prophecy was self-fulfilling, and by its existence and the natures of Oedipus and his parents, ensured its fruition. The audience, given the holistic and beneficial advantage of the third party, is able to understand the overwhelming leverage fate has as a determining force in the characters’ lives with respect to free will. The very fact that Oedipus was given to the herdsmen at birth instead of raised with his natural parents, and that rather than die in the mountains as his father had intended, he lived, raised by a different king, and fled back to his home upon hearing of the prophecy, in fear of fulfilling it, and in the process doing just that, shows the extent that the characters’ exercise of their own free will contributed to the control fate exerted in their lives. This was the underlying truth of Thebes. But this truth was not to be realized by any of the characters of Oedipus Rex. The great irony, of course, was that, had one character understood their place in the happenings of the world, and how little power they had to change the course of their lives, the entire prophecy would have fallen to pieces, unfulfilled. Jocasta and Laius (Oedipus’ birth parents) could have raised their son in peace, without turmoil. Even later on, Oedipus, upon learning of the prophecy, could have stayed in his neighboring kingdom, doing nothing, and could have also subverted the cursed words. The stubborn belief that the free will of each character could change their fate brought them significant misery. But more so, because each believed so strongly that they had control over their own destiny through the decisions they made out of free will, the characters in the play are forced to accept a responsibility in a horrendous act over which they, in reality, had very little control. This acceptance of culpability, coupled with the nature of the moral offense committed, brings on a crippling guilt for both Oedipus and Jocasta. The physical manifestations of both Oedipus’ and Jocasta’s guilt are gruesome and permanent. Jocasta hangs herself after learning that her son, her husband, and the father to her children are all the same person. Oedipus, upon seeing the woman who is his mother, mother to his children, and his lover, hanging lifeless, promptly gauges his eyes out of his sockets. These guilt manifestations are symbolic…
What is and how do we make sense of the ‘prison industrial complex?
The United States has the highest prison rate in the world, incarcerating 743 people per 100,000 of their national population (Fulcher, 2011). The U.S makes up five percent of the worlds population, but incarcerates twenty five percent of the worlds prisoners; Since 1978 the number of prisoners in the US has tripled (Schlosser, 1998). The increase of incarceration can be traced back to the abolition of slavery. The development…
How to manage complex innovations: A case study of Bosch fuel injection systems.
Just as we have varying methods of managing styles, we also have different forms of innovation with varying complexities ranging between simple and very complex hence managing a complex innovation requires diversity, strategy and foresight. The statement above seems obvious but this article helps to further inform managers and introduce them to five key questions that are required for an effective organizational network…
Most of the time we overlook and | |
|downplay the conformity we show everyday. We also tend to accept the myth that everyone is unique. In reality, conformity is inescapable; the wise man not only| |
|sees this, but also understands how complex conformity really is. We look at conformity as the killer of the individual, and we don’t look to see how sometimes| |
|it is productive to conform. We often prefer to have things definite and easy to determine, but when it comes to conformity,…
An essay on Complex Genetic Algorithms Explained
Let us commence a journey into the much travelled topic of Complex Genetic Algorithms Explained. At one stage or another, every man woman or child will be faced with the issue of Complex Genetic Algorithms Explained. While it has been acknowledged that it has an important part to play in the development of man, several of todays most brilliant minds seem incapable of recognising its increasing relevance to understanding future generations. Often it…
“Poison”: The effects of guilt
Guilt is a sort of unpleasant emotion. We feel it many times during our life and in many different situations. It engulfs our bodies and keeps us on edge to the point where paranoia kicks in, and in most cases, we have to resolve the situation before it gets out of hand.
Towards the beginning of “Poison” we find out that the narrator is quite nervous about meeting with his old friend Gene and Gene’s girlfriend. The author, Richard Russo, gives us very compelling…
insane. Victor shouldn’t have been afraid to put his reputation on the line to save Justine. Because at the end of the day the guilt is going to be morally on him for for all the murders the monster committed. And it his job to speak up about the situation that he started and that he now and should finish. Like Victor said in the book “"I was seized by remorse and the sense of guilt, which hurried me away to a hell of intense tortures, such as no language can describe." He describes how he feels when he…
Manifesting guilt in the tragedy of Macbeth
According to The Dictionary of Psychology, guilt is defined as an emotional state produced by the knowledge that one has violated moral standards. Most authorities recognized an emotional state as guilt only when the individual has internalized the moral standards of the society (thus it is distinguished from simple fear of punishment from external source). Based on this definition guilt is a powerful feeling of remorse that haunts the conscience, is…
Guilt Free Gluttony
Yes I can, eat the whole pan of zucchini that is. Upon arrival to HEB, I spotted my favorite vegetable, zucchini. Its bright green outer layer had been freshly misted by water. It strongly resembled a blooming tree in the spring that had just been kissed by the rain. Quickly, I chose three of their very best, cautiously searching the vibrant green skin for any bad spots, discolorations, and puncture wounds. I held them in my hand delicately like a new born puppy, making…
died of his injuries.
Measured returns for the sector were boosted by survivor bias: failed funds
For each case consider the impact on all others in contact with that brain
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joint and last survivor annuity
joint and last survivor annuity
"You're looking, sir, at a very dull survivor of a very gaudy life…