The Guilt Complex Guilt is a universal concept. The acceptance of responsibility for a wrongdoing and the sense that one has lowered their standard of conduct that accompanies this emotion is shared by every human within the normal confines of society, at one point in their lives or another. The idea that fate, rather than freewill, controls the lives of humans is another (hotly debated) universal, and the most timeless story is one which absorbs the universals of the human experience, and seeks to examine and explain them. It is at this junction that Oedipus Rex, a play written by Sophocles and set in Thebes, is found. The characters within struggle against, and ultimately fail to prevent, a prophecy which proclaims that Oedipus will be his father’s killer and his mother’s lover. In the end, the most powerful figures in the play are left broken or dead, but undeniably wracked with the burden of their moral perversion. The guilt felt by Oedipus and his mother in the play is a direct result of their failure to realize that their freewill, and thus their ability to make decisions about the outcome of their lives, is insignificant in the face of their fate. Fate was the ruling factor in Oedipus’ life. The horrifying prophecy was self-fulfilling, and by its existence and the natures of Oedipus and his parents, ensured its fruition. The audience, given the holistic and beneficial advantage of the third party, is able to understand the overwhelming leverage fate has as a determining force in the characters’ lives with respect to free will. The very fact that Oedipus was given to the herdsmen at birth instead of raised with his natural parents, and that rather than die in the mountains as his father had intended, he lived, raised by a different king, and fled back to his home upon hearing of the prophecy, in fear of fulfilling it, and in the process doing just that, shows the extent that the characters’ exercise of their own free will contributed to the control fate exerted in their lives. This was the underlying truth of Thebes. But this truth was not to be realized by any of the characters of Oedipus Rex. The great irony, of course, was that, had one character understood their place in the happenings of the world, and how little power they had to change the course of their lives, the entire prophecy would have fallen to pieces, unfulfilled. Jocasta and Laius (Oedipus’ birth parents) could have raised their son in peace, without turmoil. Even later on, Oedipus, upon learning of the prophecy, could have stayed in his neighboring kingdom, doing nothing, and could have also subverted the cursed words. The stubborn belief that the free will of each character could change their fate brought them significant misery. But more so, because each believed so strongly that they had control over their own destiny through the decisions they made out of free will, the characters in the play are forced to accept a responsibility in a horrendous act over which they, in reality, had very little control. This acceptance of culpability, coupled with the nature of the moral offense committed, brings on a crippling guilt for both Oedipus and Jocasta. The physical manifestations of both Oedipus’ and Jocasta’s guilt are gruesome and permanent. Jocasta hangs herself after learning that her son, her husband, and the father to her children are all the same person. Oedipus, upon seeing the woman who is his mother, mother to his children, and his lover, hanging lifeless, promptly gauges his eyes out of his sockets. These guilt manifestations are symbolic…
major roles in the play. Each character is unique in their own way because of enormous
amount of characterization each individual contain. Almost every character in Macbeth
are fully developed because of their complexity and importance. The most interesting
and complex character of Macbeth would be the main character’s wife Lady Macbeth
because without her decision making, there wouldn’t be the essential conflict within the
“Lady Macbeth is a femme fatal. She has more ambition over her powerful
cognitive motor skills that accompany playfulness (Feist, J & Feist, G.J., 2009, pp. 254-255). The two conflicting ideals of this period are the initiative of trying new things and aiming for new goals, as well as the guilt of attempting to reach these goals (255). Out of the initiative and guilt comes the strength of purpose, also with a development of a conscience, according to Erikson (255).
Ages 6-13 are covered in this period, also known as Freud’s latency period. It is in this period where…
Brave New World
In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, Huxley chose John to lean on two religions to show that John is a complex character by how conflicted he is. Shakespeare was John’s reading material to show the significance of literature from the past and John went to a lighthouse because the lighthouse represented his purification from the repulsive morals of the society.
John himself stated that God is "a reason for self-denial.” Basically, John believed in the soul. He was concerned with…
Manifesting guilt in the tragedy of Macbeth
According to The Dictionary of Psychology, guilt is defined as an emotional state produced by the knowledge that one has violated moral standards. Most authorities recognized an emotional state as guilt only when the individual has internalized the moral standards of the society (thus it is distinguished from simple fear of punishment from external source). Based on this definition guilt is a powerful feeling of remorse that haunts the conscience, is…
the police are more capable of determining guilt or innocence than the actual court system. It also states that law enforcement must be counted on to control criminal activity which is difficult at best. The Due Process Model makes it harder to prove guilt in the court system. It basically states that the state must prove without a reasonable doubt that someone is guilty.
I myself prefer the Crime Control Model. Living in a small apartment complex that has had several criminal activity problems…
b. Paraphrase and Clarification When Duncan bleeds, cover the faces of the guards with blood so they look guilty.
c. Conclusions As the previous passage, blood is used to change the appearance of these and the people found with it are deemed evil.
a. Quotation and Speaker Macbeth: Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood/ Clean from my hand?
b. Paraphrase and Clarification Can all the water in the ocean wash the blood (guilt) from…
Macbeth’s and Lady Macbeth’s guilt, and Shakespeare uses the blood to illustrate their fear after the murder. After Macbeth kills Duncan, he starts to feel the guilt from the murder, he said:” Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood /Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather/The multitudinous seas incarnadine, / Making the green one red. (2.2.77-80)” The blood of Duncan in his hand symbolizes the guilt he has gained after the murder, and the overwhelming sense of guilt and fear is expressed…
considered wrong or immoral.
Conflict between ID, ego and superego
Causes of Abnormality
Freud’s Oedipus complex
Guilt and Anxiety
Guilt and anxiety is a result of the feelings of stress involving sexuality, hostility, status and dependency, a characteristic emotional state consist of a generalised psychological tension called anxiety, which is combined with the psychological attitude of the guilt
Anxiety is basically an emotional experience similar to but not identical with feelings of nervousness…
there because of her guilt and sin, or because of her love for Dimmesdale. Hawthorne emphasizes Hester's inner turmoil through the use of rhetorical devices such as figurative language, tone and diction.
Hester Prynne at first believes that the reason for her remaining in New England was because of her guilty conscience since committing adultery. However, in this passage, Hester seems to have a moment of realizing that she is not remaining in New England because of her guilt but because of her love…
About sex and aggression
3 Personalities of Sigmund Freud Complex concept model
1. Id- source of motivation anger, hunger, aggression, in a biological since. Not rational not realistic tolerate inconsistencies; Operates by primary process the id only wants to experience the idea. Does not interact with the reality. Instant. Become aware of a feeling. Source of the impulse and if it comes conscious. ID- means “it” in German. Unconscious as an impulse. It doesn’t…