1.1 Explain the historical development of Counselling
Counselling and Psychotherapy began in the early 18th century. The shift in how society dealt with mental health issues came about primarily due to the advent of the popularisation of science through the beginning of the industrial revolution. Society became increasingly transient and anonymous and the responsibility for behaviour became from the individual rather than from the community as a whole.
In the 1880’s Sigmund Freud developed a theory about the unconscious mind and went on to create psychoanalysis.
Many therapists have been influenced by Freud and gone on to develop his theories. Freud collaborated with a number of analysts and set up …show more content…
This offering of unconditional positive regard will enable the client to feel accepted and understood and this will encourage them to practice full self disclosure without any fear of judgement or rejection.
The counsellor needs to be aware of the clients anxiety and able to enter the clients own world and develop and understanding of it. Rogers wrote *‘ It (empathy) means temporarily living in his/her life, moving about in it delicately without making judgements, sensing meanings of which he/she is scarcely aware, but not trying to uncover feelings of which this person is totally unaware, since this would be too threatening.’
This feeling of empathy with what the client is experiencing and ability demonstrate this understanding to the client will build a reassurance within the client that we have a deep emotional awareness of what they are experiencing.
In order to achieve these conditions we firstly need to establish congruence.
Rogers states ** ‘personal growth is facilitated when the counsellor is what he is, when the relationship with his client is genuine and without “front” or “façade” , openly being the feelings and attitudes which at that moment are flowing in him. ‘ The counsellor should be able to be genuine and open with their feelings and understanding and be able to demonstrate this transparency to the client during their relationship.