"A photograph can be an instant of life captured for eternity that will never cease looking back at you" (Brigitte Bardot) Photographs are resting places for the Dead as well as memorials for the Living. Textbooks and museums catalogue wars through images of battlefields and military generals, governments memorialize their leaders through portraits and ornate displays of their likeness, families preserve memories through family photo albums. Photographs are an integral element of this visual society and its effort to preserve its memories. "The Image as Memorial: Personal Photographs in Cultural Memory" by Marita Sturken discusses the impact of photographs on public memory, specifically in personal, cultural, and historical memory. Sturken constructs her persuasive argument through literary devices such as allusions, repetition, and diction that appeal to ethos, logos, and pathos, respectively. Ethos, an ethical appeal or an attempt by an author to make herself appear to be a dependable or credible source, is apparent throughout "The Image as Memorial: Personal Photographs in Cultural Memory.” This use of ethos is especially noticeable through her use of allusions. Sturken alludes to the French literary theorist and philosopher Roland Barthes, “earlier societies managed so that memory…was eternal…this was the Monument. But by making the (mortal) Photograph…modern society has renounced the Monument” (180), to emphasize her point that “the contemporary photograph has not replaced the monument so much as it is demanded in its presence” (Sturken180). This reference strengthens Sturkens’ credibility in her piece, as it builds upon famous thinkers’ ideas as well as addresses possible doubts to the argument that photographs can act as living memorials. In addition to her allusions to Barthes, Sturken also alludes to familiar images and phenomena such as the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, the AIDS blanket, and the photos of missing children on milk cartons in her appeal to ethos. These allusions work to enrich her argument that images have the ability to have personal, historical, and cultural meaning. The appliance of outside sources to her argument, “the low, black walls of the memorial, sunken into the landscape (the Vietnam Veterans Memorial)…inspire contemplation” (181), illustrates Sturkens knowledge of the impact of photographs. The variety of examples demonstrate this as well, allowing readers multiple opportunities to understand and apply images’ influences in meaning to individuals or groups. However; these references not only provide readers with tangible examples of photographs transcending personal, historical, or social significance, but also divide her essay into separate sections, allowing readers a break from the logic-ridden text. Sturken’s use of logos in the chapter, although it is a separate entity, also contributes to her ethos. As her argument is defended with logical appeals, her credibility is supported as her knowledge of the subject is explored. Logos is first demonstrated in the introduction paragraphs, as definitions are heavily used in order to outline key terms such as cultural, historical, or personal memory, “the photograph of personal value is a talisman, in which the past is often perceived to reside so that it can be re-experienced” (178). These definitions’ diction also aid her logic. “Talisman,” in the quoted statement normally connotes a supernatural object of power, such as an amulet. But in this example, it is used to describe an object that can harbor or recover the past in order to emphasize a photograph’s power over human emotions. This unusual use of “talisman” appears again later in the chapter when referring to the objects left at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, “hence, talismans regarding the Gulf War, the abortion debate, and the gay rights movement have been left there as a form of speech” (181). This repetition is continuously used in order to emphasize ideas as well as provide…
05 March 2013
Media Influences Body Image
Everyone comes in different shapes, colors, and sizes. There is no human being exactly the same. Some of us are fine with the way we look, and others have a certain way they would like to look. In most cases, that someone can be anyone from a famous singer, actor or actress, a model or a celebrity. They have all the happiness money can buy and the perfect bodies to go with them. The ideal body type the media promotes…
Image two portrays the way in which Tourism Australia uses Australia’s vast, natural beauty to appeal to, and allure the attraction of, the overseas tourism market and, in particular, young, Europeans who are in search of adventure in the land down under.
The use of the dense bush connotes a sense of both leisure and adventure. Through the use of such a stereotypical image, which supports Australia’s stereotypical love of the outdoors, the producer is instantly able to appeal to the viewer’s…
Cultural Tale CUBE-Style Analysis
Name of Tale: The Korean Cinderella
Country/Culture of Origin: Korea
Side 1: Setting
1-3 Sentence Claim of Setting: The story takes place in a village, which is located in Korea.
2-3 “Nugget” Quotes Reflective of Setting:
“In the land of Korea, where magical creatures were as common as cabbages, lived a child named Pear Blossom.”
“Back home, a dozen pear trees bloomed. "Ewha! Ewha!" chirruped the sparrows in the branches. In…
including examples of images and bibliography.
Dorothea Lange (1895 – 1965)
Mississippi Delta (1937) – Figure 1
Photographic Analysis of Lange’s Work
Spirn’s definition of a photograph is ‘an image that can embody a complete thought or an entire story; a series of photographs can shape a narrative or make an argument. Words tap the ideas that the visual holds and carries them further’ (Spirn, 2008: xi)
Lange was a documentarian photographer who through image defined the effects of…
Essay #2 Cultural Analysis
Changes of parenting over time
American families today are not what they use to be. Parents these days are a lot more laid back and try to be more of a best friend to their child rather than a parent. The punishments that are given to children in today’s times aren’t as effective as they were in the past. The respect that is given from the children to the parent has decreased tremendously in the past fifty years. Some parents would rather drop their kid off…
it today was still in its primitive stages. New gadgets were begging to become available to the public. For example the very first transistor radio that was portable came out in 1954. It was the first device of its kind that offered ear buds for personal listening as well. Toys were also beginning to take a step forward as well. Animated toys that were battery operated such as Robert the Robot were a hit in 1955. The 1970’s brought a new age in technology that we still see in effect today. The space…
forming new memories and the part of the brain that deals with memories is the hippocampus, which is located near the centre of the brain. Three different types of memory are used to store different types of information. Semantic is factual knowledge such as remembering capital cities. Episodic is personal past experiences, what a person had for breakfast for example and procedural memory is how to do something such as drive a car. Organising thinking using various methods can improve memory recall…
importance is the need for companies to understand specific cultural differences associated with the country or countries that they choose to enter. Understanding cultural differences can play an important and essential factor in a company’s success. By understanding cultural differences, it can help companies in learning how to overcome and deal with cultural differences that may affect and impact strategic management decisions.
The country of focus is Japan. Japan is a unique…
apply to inheritance tax. To qualify for these special concessions, a number of factors are considered e.g. ‘does the employment contract specify a limited time?’, ‘has the expatriate’s family moved?’, ‘is the expatriate’s centre of economic and/or personal interest in Belgium?’, ‘is the employment with a qualifying entity?’. Under the special concessions: Only Belgian sourced income is taxable, including property income and dividend income, although total world-wide, earned income must be declared…