The Montgomery Bus Boycott was African-American's in Montgomery, Alabama protesting segregation on buses in the south. Segregation on buses in the south was first challenged by the Women's Political Council or WPC (a group of Afro- American women) in a council meeting with the Mayor at the time, W. A. Gayle. When Gayle refused the requested alterations, Jo Ann Robinson sent a letter to him informing him of the group’s plan to begin boycotting buses. The first African- American women to challenge segregation on buses was Claudette Colvin, she was only 15 at the time. Not too long after, 18 yr. old Mary L. Smith was arrested for refusing to give up her seat. Rosa Park's story comes into play later in 1955. Rosa's story is significant because she was a leader in society and brought the spotlight to an issue that was important at the time. Rose Parks is known as the "first lady of civil rights" and "mother of the freedom movement". On December 1, 1955 Rosa was approached by a James F. Blake, the bus driver of bus 2857, and told to move further back on the bus so a white passenger could take her seat. Using civil disobedience Rosa simply refused to move. This is small snip-it form Rosa's auto-biography: ".... Blake said, "Y'all better make it light on yourselves and let me have those seats." Three of them complied. Parks said, "The driver wanted us to stand up, the four of us. We didn't move at the beginning, but he says, 'Let me have these seats.' And the other three people moved, but I didn't." The black man sitting next to her gave up his seat. Parks moved, but toward the window seat; she did not get up to move to the designated colored section. Blake said, "Why don't you stand up?" Parks responded, "I don't think I should have to stand up." Blake called the police to arrest Parks. When recalling the incident for Eyes on the Prize, a 1987 public television series on the Civil Rights Movement, Parks said, "When he saw me still sitting, he asked if I was going to stand up, and I said, 'No, I'm not.' And he said, 'Well, if you don't stand up, I'm going to have to call the police and have you arrested.' I said, 'You may do that.'..." . Rosa was arrested for taking her stand but by her small refusal she started a huge movement for justice in the black community. 40,000 Afro- American bus riders boycotted the city buses of Montgomery on December 5, 1955. The boycott lasted from December 5, 1955- December 20, 1956, cost the town of Montgomery, AL over $100,000.00 because
improved the economic conditions of African Americans. The Civil Rights Movement was a mass movement to secure the rights for African American to have the access and opportunity to do and have that many others have. The The Civil Right Movement started around the 19th century it lead through the 1950s and 1960s.Many events happened during and after the the Civil Rights Movement. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a major part. There was also the Little Rock Nine which was also a major event in the Civil…
In The 1950s, African Americans were forced to sit in the back half of the bus if the front
half was full with whites. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, an African American, refused to
give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. She was arrested and fined.
Parks has sometimes been depicted as a woman with no history of civil rights activism at the
time of her arrest, she and her husband, Raymond , were, active in the local chapter of the
African-Americans had finally put their foot down on being treated as the inferior race, although, the South was still being ruled by the Klu Klux Klan and the Jim Crow laws were still prevalent . “The Montgomery Bus Boycott, however, brought the black experience out in the open--literally onto the streets” (McWhorter 43). “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,” said Rosa Parks (Freedman 23). The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People also known as the NAACP, played a…
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Stacey E. Williams
Ossie L. Neal
April 8, 2013
On 1 December 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama. This single act of nonviolent resistance sparked the Montgomery bus boycott, an eleven-month struggle to desegregate the city’s buses.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was actually started before the arrest of Rosa Parks. The Women Political…
Montgomery bus boycott
Describe the causes and consequences of a historical event
What were the causes of a historical event you have studied this year?
How were the people or groups in society affected by this event?
The Montgomery bus boycott in December 1955 – June 1956 was a significant event that triggered the advancement of the whole black civil rights movement in the United States. It influenced a number of uprisings and inspired many individuals and groups to stand up for their rights and…
The African American Civil Rights movement refers to the movements between 1955- 1968 in the United States aimed at the illegalization of racial discrimination against African Americans. The processes and strategies used by African Americans during The Civil Rights Movement, consisted of a series of campaigns such as The Montgomery Boycott, Selma Montgomery Marches, and Greensboro Sit-ins. These campaigns highlighted the inequalities for African American’s, protests where non-violent.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started on December 1, 1955, sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks. That was the day when the African Americans of Montgomery, Alabama decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded. It was not, however, the day that the movement to desegregate the buses started. The roots of the bus boycott began years before the arrest of Rosa Parks.
The movement did not start…
The Civil Rights movement was a mass movement brought about by African American people all over the country who were fed up with the government and how they treated them, and they were angry and tired of being discriminated against in their daily lives by businesses and white people. From 1955-1965 the Civil Rights phase called the Black Liberation movement became the central in getting African Americans to stand up and fight for their Civil Rights. The movement used two main strategies, legalism…
segregation on public transportation was passed as early as 1900 by Jim Crow. The Jim Crow law ensured blacks rode in the back seats and they had to leave front seats to white people. It did not make sense when blacks were 75% of the passengers. It also required that the African Americans paid their fares at the front and used the back doors to get into the bus. It went on until the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s made possible by the story of Rosa Parks and the bus incident on December 1, 1955…
February 28, 2015
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1877 segregation began to take place and spread like wildfire across the
southern region of the nation. At this time in history, African Americans had no right and
were sold as property.
Claudette Colvin was a black activists had begun to build a case to challenge
state bus segregation laws because of her arrest. Claudette was a student at Booker T.
Washington High School in Montgomery. On March 2, 1955, Colvin was handcuffed,