The Mozart Effect Of Alzheimer's Music

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There is a wide perception that listening to music enhances intelligence (Schellenberg, 2005) and this understanding was initiated by (Rauscher et al, 1993). The study found that after listening to 10 minutes of Mozart’s music, there was a significant increase in spatial reasoning scores amongst 36 undergraduates, however this effect was observed to be brief. This study introduced the ‘Mozart effect’ that refers to; improved performance on some short-term cognitive tasks can be achieved by listening to Mozart’s music. Nevertheless, this study received a lot of controversies, as numerous follow up studies did not observe the same effect (Steele et al, 1999) (McKelvie & Low, 2002). (Carlson et al, 1997) investigated if ‘Mozart effect’ was present in monkeys, the study found that performance was better in the white noise condition rather than Mozart’s music condition. …show more content…
Furthermore, Several studies have found that music significantly improves performance in several cognitive tasks. (Johnson et al, 1998) observed Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients displayed improvement in a spatial-temporal task after listening to a 10-minute Mozart’s piano sonata. In addition, improvement in memory recall and attention was found among AD patients (Simmons-Stern et al, 2010) and people suffering from dementia (Foster & Valentine, 1998). (Humphrey, 2015) found that fourth grade students in the Mozart piano sonata in D major condition outperformed the control