12.) At the centre of the city they were faced by 100 armed police and soldiers who blocked their way. Someone started to shoot and the firing then continued for just one minute. 16 Nazis and three policemen were killed. Hitler had dislocated his shoulder.
2.) To the nationalists in Germany, this was an admittance of guilt for starting the First World War. This admittance of guilt brought with it the punishment of reparations. This was something that the nationalists could not tolerate! 1.) In September 1923, the Chancellor Gustav Stresemann and President Ebert decided to call off the passive resistance in the Ruhr.
In many ways the Munich Putsch was a disaster for the Nazis, they failed to get the support of Kahr’s government, the police and the army; the national revolution seemed even further away.
11.) Ludendorff lead the march, and so Hitler was confident that no one would fire at him as he was such a famous war hero. 3000 men were involved in the march.
3.) By 1923, many right wing parties had gravitated to southern Germany and primarily Bavaria. One such group was the fledging Nazi Party, lead by Adolf Hitler. It had about 35,000 members by 1923.
10.) On November 9th Hitler started his march with his followers. Hitler would appeal to the army and the police to support the Nazis in their crusade against the Weimar Government.
However, Hitler managed to snatch some success out of the jaws of defeat. Hitler managed to get lots of publicity from the court case; the papers reported daily on the court case.
4. On November 8th and 9th Hitler and the National Socialists tried to carry out a putsch. They hoped to overthrow the Bavarian regional government in Munich in prelude to overthrowing the national government. This is known as the Beer Hall/ Munich Putsch
The Munich Putsch
5.) Hitler was politically naive in his belief that his small band of followers could take over Germany’s second city.
6.) On November 8th 1923, the Bavarian Prime Minister, Gustav Kahr, was addressing a meeting in the beer hall. Kahr was joined by Seisser, Bavaria’s police chief, and Lossow, the local army commander.
7.) Hitler and 600 of his Storm Troopers (the SA) went into the meeting from the back of the hall. These SA men, lead by Ernst Rohm, lined the sides of the hall in an attempt to intimidate those in the beer hall. Kahr, Lossow and…