The Nubians are believed to have been the first civilization to live on earth. The Nubians lived south of Egypt around 3000BC. The Nubia was also called “The Land of Gold” and “The Land of the Bow”. The Nubians lived in villages along the Nile River, called the Kingdom of Kush. They used the river to build the perfect city; the city was the biggest and best than other in their time. The Nubians live off the Nile River using the fresh water and fertile soil. The common people of Nubia lived in farming villages. The land was full of gold, ebony, ivory and incenses. Traded iron weapons. Nubians got rich from trading. Making a lot of people want Nubia for its natural wealth. Nubians became fierce bowman so they could protect the kingdom. The Nubian language was Kinzi-Dongolaw; still today experts cannot understand all of the language. In the beginning they worshipped the three headed lion god and mummified their dead. Then most of them converted to Christianity in 330 AD. The Nubians built 255 pyramids, 24 temples and many fortresses. They built the pyramids out of wattle, daub, mud brick and animal hide. Most of the pyramids were built for queens and kings. They also used this for tombs. The Nubians built more royal pyramids in Sudan then in all of Egypt. Nubia had three capitals: Kerma, Napata and Meroe. Queens played a large role in ruling the kingdom. One famous queen was “One Eyed Candace”, she lost her eye in battle. Nubians dressed in white loose cotton clothes with collars and bracelets, and then later they wore more colorful clothing and nose plugs. In 2000 BC Nubia was attacked by the Assyrians, after the Nubians were runned out of Kush they returned back to original land. The Nubians had many enemies such as Egyptians, Aksum, Romans and Persians. The next 150 years the Nubians grew very rich from the Iron rush. They built and traded a lot of iron weapons. They continued to build pyramids and temples over the next few hundred years. Building the pyramid, Herodotus in 420 BC. The Nubians pyramids are still standing today.
Important Dates in the Nubians Lives.
1070 BC- After 500 years of Egyptians rule the Nubians gained independent.
750 BC- King Piye invades and conquers Egypt.
673 BC- The Assyrians invade and force the Nubians out of Egypt. They return
and Lower Egypt under a new dynasty with Thebes as its capital. His ambitions went beyond uniting Egypt; he wanted to build Egypt into a powerful nation. Ahmose and his army headed south to Nubia. In a series of battles, Ahmose’s army crushed the Nubians and once again, he was victorious. Ahmose son of Ebana tells the historians that he ‘made a great slaughter among them…Ahmose conquered southerners and northerners.’
Breasted said in his book, Ancient Record of Egypt Volume I,
‘…The Hyksos domination…
can be articulated as such; within the East African rift system, there are rifts forming altering the shape of that continent. The author’s position is that these rifts located in the countries of Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, are called the Nubian plate. The smaller plate which is pulling away is called the Somalian plate. This rift, as well as other rifts on the continent of Africa is moving away to form what has yet to be seen.
The authors of this paper James Wood, and Alex Guth, determined…
Ramessuem is a memorial temple located in Luxor, and archeologists found mass of valuable historical document there. Ramessuem was solely built to honor himself, and he made people to create statues of him. Abu Simbel is the temples built near the Nubian area. There are giant statues of Ramses sitting down which are 66 feet tall at the entrance. Finally the Pi-Ramses, thought it is not actually a architect structure, Pi Ramesees was built by him which is a powerful and strong city. With his great…
social and cultural progress from its cultural industry; it has seen a growth in micro-economy industries from new emergence of craftworks artisans, improved community involvement such as in the museums management, enhanced cultural identity of the Nubian community, revival of its folk arts, and a stronger social cohesion (Aswan UNESCO’ Creative City in Folk Art, n.d.). The city of Aswan is one of the living proofs how cultural industries can be utilized to support inclusive human development. Intangible…
Official name Arab Republic of Egypt
Independence 28 February 1922 (from UK)
National holiday: Revolution Day, 23 July (1952)
Geography: Climate: hot and dry most of the year.
Area 997,739 sq km - 385,229 sq mi (3% arable, 97% desert)
The Nile River: The longest river in the world - 6695 Km (4,187 miles)
It gets its name from the Greek word “Nelios” meaning River Valley. It flows through nine countries: the White Nile flows Uganda, Sudan and Egypt. The…
border eastern and southern Anatolia. But, that did not save the province of Egypt, which was soon overrun. Arab armies then carried their jihad west across Christian North Africa and south into the Christian Blemye Tribe and the likewise Christian Nubian Kingdoms of Nobatia and Makuria in what is today the northern regions of Sudan and some small areas of southern Egypt. In 674 a powerful Arab fleet arrived in the Bosporus at the walls of Constantinopolis, the capitol of the Eastern Roman Empire.…
Abbasids-dynasty that ruled much of the Muslim Empire from AD 750 to 1258
Adulis- Aksum's chief seaport
Aksum-an African Kingdom, in what is now Ethiopia and Eritrea, that reached the height of its power in the 4th century
Al-Andalus-a muslim-ruled region in what is now Spain, established in the 8th century
Almohads-a group of Islamic reformers who overthrew the Almoravid dynasty and established an empire in North Africa and southern Spain in the 12th century A.D.
Almoravids-an Islamic religious…
Hittites shows that Akhenaten was still interested in maintaining ma’at and ensuring safety, and he was doing this thus far.
According to J Lawless6, Akhenaten then had a military campaign to Nubia around the twelfth year of his reign. This was, in fact, a traditional Pharaonic campaign to the south, and according to the Victory Stela placed at Buhan, it was a success. Akhenaten was determined to continue expansion into Nubia, adopting a policy labeled by Redford as “unoriginal but… pursued with determination…
This also creates a discrepancy within statistics due to the fact that there is an excess of unreported crimes. "Most gang-related crimes extortion, intimidation, assaults are never reported. Fear breads silence." If a person was to look at crime rate statistics for youth gang crimes, they would not get an…