With the rise of industrial society and the demoralization of the American factory worker came a need for unions of workers who could band together to protect their jobs, their professions, and themselves. Three of the earliest labor unions that arose were the National Labor Union, the Knights of Labor, and the American Federation of Labor. These organizations had distinct philosophies, strategies, and qualties. The National Labor Union was the union comprised of the widest variety of workers. Regardless of gender or race, all workers were welcome into the union. The main goals of the National Labor Union were to establish a federally-controlled Department of Labor, instill an eight-hour work day, and for an end to convict labor. Additionally, the NLU desired wage protection for American-born workers in the form of immigration restriction, particularly against Chinese immigrants (the Chinese were seen as the main group responsible for dwindling wages in America). This labor union was only involved in one strike, which was against American foundry owners. The strike was a complete failure, and as a result, William H. Sylvis, the leader of the NLU, asked political reformists for help. His sudden death in 1869 brought about the doom of the NLU, which was not seen after 1872. The Holy Order of the Knights of Labor was the second large-scale union to arise in American society, founded in 1869 by a group of tailors from Philadelphia. Their leader was Uriah H. Stephens. This group was open to any and all wage earners, which meant that highly skilled and/or paid professions, such as doctors, stockbrokers, lawyers, and gamblers, were excluded from membership. They called for equal pay for females as well as the end of child labor. Additionally, the Knights of Labor insisted upon income tax, with wealthier and higher-wage workers paying more. The Knights of Labor underwent a major shift in power from Uriah Stephens to Terence Powderly, who brought new philosophy to the union in the form of an anti-strike mindset. This created rifts among the unionists, but the new philosophy was abandoned in the form of an incident in which massive amounts of Knights of Labor workers brought the railroad tycoon Jay Gould to his knees. This was the first strong, large-scale union victory in the United States. However, the anti-strike philosophy kept dividing the union, and eventually unauthorized strikes began to erupt.
The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time by Karl
Polanyi is a work that is still highly respected, recognized, and used by politicians and
economists in today’s society. In the introduction, critic Fred Block writes, “The Great
Transformation provides the most powerful critique yet produced of market liberalism- the belief
that both national societies and the global economy can and should be organized through selfregulating markets” (Block xviii). Market liberalism…
American Slavery 1619-1877
“American Slavery, 1619-1877” by Peter Kolchin gives an overview of the practice of slavery in America between 1619 and 1877. From the origins of slavery in the colonial period to the road to its abolition, the book explores the characteristics of slave culture as well as the racial mind-sets and development of the old South’s social structures.
This paper is divided in two sections. The first…
make a judgment. Instead, I mainly hope to crystallize the problems faced by the government of the Red Corridor region and try answer three main questions:
1.What are the origins of the Maoists movement?
2.What caused its recent resurgence?
3.What should the states do?
Moore, in his Magnum Opus, Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy (1966), had contributed a whole chapter to discuss India’s unique path to modernity and democracy5. According to him, India has achieved a…
scientific research to industry
II. The railroads
A. Growth of railroads
B. The transcontinental railroads
1. Pacific Railroads Act (1862) authorized transcontinental line on north-central route
a. Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads
a. Union Pacific: Civil War veterans, formers slaves, Irish and German immigrants
b. Central Pacific: primarily Chinese
3. First transcontinental railroad completed in Promontory, Utah, 1869
4. Other transcontinental railroads
C. Financing the…
connection mutually for the company and workers. (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, & Cardy, 2010, 441 pg.). The employer and the employee has to agree to all the moralities and obligations.
Congress has created OSHA, which is a part of the United States Department of Labor. OSHA has certain standards to make the workplace a secured and healthy work environment for the employer and the staff. Their task is to declare the safe and healthful work environment by placing these principles by requiring training, outreach, education…
CHAPTER 1: First the Forest, then the Trees: An Overview of Employment and Labor Law
Chapter one introduces the student to foundations of labor and employment laws and how political, social, and economic conditions have contributed to the rise and fall of 1) government intervention in the employer/employee relationship, and 2) the influence of organized labor. Historical examples date back to the New Testament of the Bible and should enlighten the student to the fact that the…
manager balance opportunity with winning
1. Before a sport manager is liable for negligence, the plaintiff must show that the sport manager owed the plaintiff a duty of care. A legal duty of care arises from which of the following origins?
A. A relationship inherent in a particular situation
B. A voluntary assumption of the duty of care
C. A duty mandated by a law
--D. All of these are correct.
2. To successfully show a defendant was negligent, a plaintiff must prove
--A. that a…
live their lives in broadly
similar ways, with common concerns over
home, children, school, and work
Although towns and cities have existed for
over eight millennia, the wholesale transition
to urban location and urban living is very
recent in origin
Many highly successful urban civilizations
existed in the past, but their impacts were both
limited and localized
In 1700, fewer than 2 per cent of the world’s
population lived in urban places and these
* Its about the use of scarce organizational resources.
* If efficiency can be achieved the result is profit maximization.
* Direct Effects on Labor-Management Interactions
* Employee compensation vs. Labor cost control
* Indirect Effects on Labor-Management Interactions
* Economies of scale, technology, organizational divisions
* Economies of scale: driven by cost discipline
Civilization is a complex concept that is interpreted differently by many. Taking
the origin of the word into consideration, a civilization is officially defined as a society that has
cities. This may not seem like much to go off of, but having cities implies some form of order and
organization among this society, and that is what makes it a civilization. There are many common
characteristics found between modern civilizations that can be traced all the way back to the very
first civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt…