The Pros And Cons Of Brexit

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Brexit, or Britain Exit, is the popular term for the prospective withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. The United Kingdom, which is made up of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, joined the European Union in 1973, as a way to put an end to its economic decline. Forty-four years have passed and, for similar reasons, the UK has voted to leave the EU. Indeed, on June 23, 2016, an official referendum by the popular vote in the UK decided for quitting the EU. Therefore, on March 29, 2017 Prime Minister Theresa May formally started the Article 50 process, which is the procedures that gives the right to quit the EU to any member of the state. Now, it is just a matter of time before her move will become a reality. Considering …show more content…
Indeed, apart from facing a deep economic uncertainty, quitting the EU will cause political troubles not only at the European level, but within the country itself with possible fragmentations of the countries that make up the UK. One of the most controversial aspects of a “hard” Brexit is that most Northern Island and Scotland wanted to stay in the EU, while Wales and England did not. If tension rises, it could be likely that the first two might look for independence. Furthermore, because of a “hard” Brexit, the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland will turn out to be the only land border between the UK and the EU. This return of the Irish border would threaten peace agreements while causing lots of challenges throughout the borders, since it could involve the possibility of changes in passport and customs checks. As a matter of fact, nowadays British citizens are entitled to travel in the EU just by showing their passport, but in the eventuality of a “hard” Brexit there might be the possibility that British citizens will require a Visa in order to travel around Europe, since they will be considered as “foreigners”. Without any agreement, even though the UK would have greater freedom to be able to restrict immigration, UK citizens would struggle because they would have to face restrictions in order to live and work