A federal government website managed by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services defines (as cited in stopbullying.gov, n.d.) cyber-bullying as a type of bullying “that takes place using electronic technology. Electronic technology includes devices and equipment such as cell phones, computers, and tablets as well as communication tools including social media sites, text messages, chat, and websites.” Cutting-edge technology combined with the difficulties in defining cyber-bullying and narrowing down the crime within a certain sphere have helped perpetrators use social media as means of bullying, insulting, and threatening others fearlessly. Findings have shown that approximately one in five students will be cyberbullied (Wright et al., 2009; Hinduja and Patchin, 2010) and about the same ratio of students will cyberbully others (Hinduja and Patchin, 2010); it is estimated that 19% of youth between the ages of 10 and 18 had been either the perpetrator or victim of cyberbullying (Hinduja and Patchin, 2010; Ybarra and Mitchell, 2004). Furthermore, Slonje and Smith (2008) found that 25% of cyberbullies and their victims were identified as being from the same school, thus more likely to result in face-to-face encounters as well. More lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered (LGBT) youth are reported victims of cyberbullying than other "minority" groups (Cassidy et al., 2009). Cyberbullies and cyber victims are generally …show more content…
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