The Punic Wars The omnipotent Roman Empire, constructed over centuries and established itself as the most influential organization in history. From the form of government we still use, to the art of war, and the philosophy that intrigues us today, we owe the Romans credit for changing our lives, even today. But what caused the urge for Rome to become so grand? The Punic Wars gave Rome a taste of what it was like to have power, riches, eminence, and fueled their expansion to transcendence. Before the first Punic War erupted, tension had built up over years between Rome and Carthage. To the people of that time, it seemed natural for a more supreme nation to have total domination over all the weaker ones. Rome and Carthage were the two most powerful nations of that region and as their power rose, so did the tension. By 265 BC, Rome controlled most of the Italian Peninsula, and was looking to expand. Sicily was the first region Rome looked to conquer but Carthage had taken control a major port at Messina that connected eastern and western Roman trade. With that, the race for domination had begun. With Carthage’s expansion into Roman territory, the tension bursted and the first Punic War broke out. In an attempt to start war with Rome, Carthage seized a vital port and strait that connected trade between east and west Rome. With this, Rome eagerly declared war with Carthage with the goal to dominate the other at their expense. Carthage had a more supreme navy, but Rome had a stronger army. To get onto Carthaginian shores, Rome would need to get past Carthage’s fleets of ships. To complete this task, Rome invented the crow, a large wooden plank with a nail at the end to connect two ships and raid the other, turning a disadvantage into an advantage. With this ingenuity, African shores were now accessible to Roman armies. Twenty-three years after the beginning of the war, Carthage surrendered. In return for all the fighting and blood shed that the first Punic War caused, Rome received complete ownership of Sicily and Carthage had to pay an immense indemnity. The first punch of the fight between Rome and Carthage had landed in Rome’s favor, and not needing to worry about Carthage for the moment, they could set their eyes on territorial expansion. In the time between the first and second Punic War, Rome looked to expand in all aspects. Three years after the war, mercenaries rebelled on the islands of Sardinia and Corsica. The mercenaries asked for Rome’s assistance for when Carthage would send their armies to take back the islands. Rome declared the islands annexed from Carthage, and when Carthage protested, Rome threatened to declare war. Still recovering from war and paying off their indemnity, Carthage was in no shape to go to war and gave up the islands. Adding insult to injury, Rome then seized control of the islands and increased the indemnity. In 229 BC, Rome had the chance to prove their new prominent navy. Illyrian pirates harassed Roman ships on the open seas. Rome sent a military expedition and swiftly wiped out the pirates, doing so, they took control of Illyria itself. Rome also set their sights on the Po Valley in Gaul. They defeated many tribes and expanded to all northern Italian lands below the Alps. Expansion into Sardinia, Corsica, Illyria, Cisalpine Gaul, enlarged their territory, population and increased their volume of trade. After Carthage recovered from the first Punic War, they gained control of Spain, triggering Rome’s appetite to gain further control of Carthage increased. The battle for their corner of the world got even more heated as the tensions between the son of the leader of Carthage during the first Punic War, Hannibal, was hungry for revenge. Rome, expanding in mass, trade, and volume, saw this as threat for their well-being and a threat to commerce. As Hannibal and his forces started in Spain and moved their way through Europe, they had to overcome a major obstacle, the Alps. They proved…
The second Punic war –Latin
I know you must be worried about me however I am fine the battle was deadly for both sides; we got ambushed at Lake Trasimene in Italy by the Carthage a group led by the leader Hannibal. They killed 30,000 of my men. However, they had severe casualties
Over 55000 of those pigs. We lost with honour. The road was really long and dirty so we where all tired. I got promoted to a century I led my group to kill over 250 of those scum before we had to flee to…
Written Laws (12 Tables) and Representation
(Assembly of Tribes) led by a Tribune-Plebeian power would gradually grow
Italian Conquest and Punic Wars (264-149BC)
Romans treated others on the peninsula liberally, allowing them to keep their forms of government at first )Greek Colonies in Sicily and the Boot Heel, so long as they sent soldiers and paid taxes
Punic Wars start over Shipping control of the Mediterranean and Sicily (Rome v. Carthage)
Of the three campaigns the second would devistate the Italian…
Hamilcar Barca, Hannibal grew very much in a military environment. Hannibal would see little of his father as he would be fighting the Romans over islands between Italy and Carthage (Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia). These battles were known as ‘The Punic wars’, Hamilcar fought in the first one. In 241 BC the Carthaginians lost the islands to Rome. Hamilcar, one of the generals, moved to Spain to build a new empire to use to overthrow the Romans. At the time, Hannibal was only nine years old. Eager to…
This is an historical biography of Hannibal, the military leader of Carthage responsible for waging a dramatic onslaught on Rome during the Punic Wars. One of the few generals of history to be famous for the war he lost, Hannibal's attack in 218 BC - which included his renowned march of elephants across the Alps - ranks amongst the most courageous and ill-fated enterprises in the history of the ancient world. It was after the defeat of Hannibal that Rome was able to assert its strength in the Mediterranean…
1. What was the significance about the Punic Wars to the development of the Rome Empire?
Since the Romans won all Punic Wars against Carthage, it made the Roman Empire look invincible. They crushed an enemy and a potential for downfall in those three Punic Wars. It also sent a message to other countries, saying not to mess with Rome or they will be destroyed.
The Punic Wars also gave Rome total control of the Mediterranean Sea, which they had been battling Carthage for. Control of the Mediterranean…
Veto- Who had it?Praetors- How many?
Twelve TablesCitizenship- who had it?
Women?Times of emergency, who ruled?
Punic WarsHannibal? Scipio?
Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus?Civil War Period?
Shift from Republic to Empire? DescribeLoyalty of soldier? Julius CaesarTriumvirate
Ides of MarchOctavian?
Trade system? Basis?Succession to throne?
The military helped develop Latin, science, architecture, and engineering. Aqueducts were developed.
The Punic Wars were responsible for Roman Imperialism. The war allowed for expansion, shifted policies, and made the gap between rich and poor bigger. Class was a huge factor in society. Imperialism expanded more land. Rome conquered more lands and conquered more people. The Punic Wars made an unstable environment because of the increasing population. They expanded until they couldn’t expand anymore…
had ended the First Punic War, the Ebro River was the northernmost border of Carthage’s influence in Spain. Although Saguntum was south of Ebro, it was allied with Rome, which was a downfall because they saw Hannibal’s attack as an act of war. Hannibal demanded that Carthage was besieged Sangtum for eight months before the city fell. Rome demanded Hannibal’s surrender, he refused, instead making plans for the invasion of Italy, this would mark the beginning of Second Punic War.
Allia (387 BC) which is known to be one the most catastrophic defeats in Roman and even empirical history. The First period being the start of the Punic Wars (261 BC), the second period lasting from the Punic Wars until the rise of the Gracchi Brothers (134 BC), and thirdly from the Gracchi Brothers to the rise of Julius Caesar (30 BC). The Punic Wars (246 BC – 146 BC) were fought between the eager expanding Roman Republic and the Carthaginians who had claim of Sicily, the territory north of African…
Study Guide for Test Three
Rome (geography) Romulus and Remus Etruscans
Consuls/ Praetor Senate Patricians
Plebeians Struggle of the Orders Law of Twelve Tablets
Carthage Punic Wars Hannibal
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus Sulla First Triumvirate
Julius Caesar Octavian (Caesar Augustus) Second Triumvirate
Marc Antony Pax Romana Juilo-Claudians
Five Good Emperors Zealots/ Essences Pontius Pilate
Paul of Tarsus Nero Germanic people
Emperor Diocletian Emperor Constantine…