The Rise and fall of the Third Reich
At the beginning of 1930, Adolf Hitler’s Nazi party exploited widespread and deep-seated discontent in Germany to attract popular and political support. Form 1929 onwards, the worldwide economic depression provoked hyperinflation, social unrest and mass unemployment, to which Hitler offered scapegoat such as the Jews. The democratic post-world 1 Weimar Republic was by a weak coalition government and political crisis. Hitler pledged civil peace, radical economic policies, and the restoration of national pride and unity, Nazi rhetoric was virulently nationalist and anti-Semitic. In January 1933, President Von Hindenburg appointed Hitler as chancellor, believing that the Nazi could be controlled from within the cabinet.
The Rise of Adolf Hitler how he came to power.
a. In March 1933, the Nazi used intimidation and manipulation to pass the Enabling Act.
b. In July 1933, Germany was declared a one-party state “In the night of Long Knives”
c. June 1934, Hitler ordered the gestapo and theses to eliminate rival within the Nazi Party.
d. In 1935, the Nuremburg Laws marked the beginning of an institutionalized anti-Semitic may be persecution which would culminate in the barbarism of the “Final Solution”.
e. Between 1936 and 1939 he provided military aid to Franco’s fascist forces in the Spanish civil war, despite having signed the “nonintervention Agreement.
f. In March 1938, German troops marched into Austria, the Anschluss was forbidden under Versailles.
g. In March 1939, Germany seized the remainder of Czechoslovakia.
h. The next step would be the invasion of Poland and the coming of World War 11.
a. On September 1939, the invasion of Poland Warsaw finally surrendered at 2:00p.m. On September 27, 1939.
Fall of France 1940
a. May 10, 1940, when Germany launched and invasion of France and the low countries
b. May 20, 1940, Germany tanks reach Amiens and effectively trapped the British, who now made for Dunkirk and unlikely attempt to evacuation to England.
Barbarossa June-1941 to December-1941
a. On June 22, 1941, Germany invades the Soviet Union. The codenamed operation Barbarossa, it was the largest military operation in History.
b. In 1942 the Soviets with immerse manpower and resource push the German Forces back. The Eastern Front would become a grave yard for the German armed forces.
Collaboration and Resistance July-1940 to September-1945
a. In occupied Europe, resistance and collaboration could take many forms. The Vichy regime establish in France in July 1940.
b. The most famous act of resistance in wartime Europe was operation Anthropoid the assassination of SS security Chief Reinhardt Heydrich.
c. I retaliation the Nazi arrested 13,000 people, and wipe out the village of Lidice.
d. Although the resistance spanned a wide ideological spectrum, including Catholic, Liberals, and Nationalists the most active partisans were young communist and other left-wingers.
Genocide September-1941 to May-1945
a. The systematic policy of racial extermination carried out against Jews by Nazi in Europe during World War 11.
b. When Hitler came to power in 1933 and the terrible orchestration of the “Final Solution.” There were six million Jews killed.
c. In 1933 the Nazi implemented discriminatory policies against German Jews under the 1935 Nuremburg laws which stripped them of German citizenship.
d. The Nazi targeted many groups for extermination, includiingGypsies, Slavs, the disabled and homosexuals all whom were labelled as undesirable with no future in Nazi State.
e. In November 1938, Kristallnacht (the night of broken glass) an attack on Jewish property engineered by Minister Josef Goebbels, which result in the murder of 91 Jews and 20,000 deportation of Jews.
f. The Nazi…