The Role Of Personality In Organizational Behavior

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Any Questions about the Course Outline. Lectures?

Re-cap of “What is Management?”

Personality (we’ll go over some, but there’s many more!)
 Big Five

Locus of Control


Proactive Personality

Positive and Negative Affectivity

Copyright © 2011 Pearson
Canada Inc.

What Is Personality?
 The relatively stable set of psychological characteristics that influences the way an individual interacts with his or her environment and how he or she feels, thinks, and behaves.
 People have a variety of personality characteristics.

Copyright © 2011 Pearson
Canada Inc.

Personality and Organizational Behaviour
 Personality has a long history in organizational behaviour.  The role of personality in organizational behaviour has often been debated in what is known as the “personsituation debate”
 This has led to three approaches:

The dispositional approach

The situational approach

The interactionist approach

Copyright © 2011 Pearson
Canada Inc.

Interactionist Approach
 Behaviour is a function of the person and the situation interacting with each other. Situations can be described as being either “weak” or “strong”.
 In weak situations, roles are loosely defined, there are few rules and weak reinforcement and punishment contingencies. Personality has the strongest effect in weak situations.
 In strong situations, the roles, rules, and contingencies are more defined. Personality has less of an impact in strong situations.

Personality: Locus of Control
Locus of Control—refers to individuals’ beliefs about the location of factors that control their behaviours.
External Locus of Control— believe that behaviour are the result of factors beyond their control.
Internal Locus of Control— believe that behaviour are the result of factors within their control.

 A personality trait that measures an individual’s ability to adjust behaviour to external, situational factors.