The Struggle for Union and Emancipation: Document-Based Question Essay

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Hellen Tusiime
THE STRUGGLE FOR UNION AND EMANCIPATION DBQ During the years of the 1861­1865 the greatest war in United States took place­ the Civil
War. President Lincoln was obligated to declare that he was not fighting to free the blacks, but to preserve the Union. Thus, it seemed that the war had not begun due to slave states and free states, but instead as a war for the Union. In Lincoln’s letter to Horace Greeley in 1862, Lincoln stated that he believed the Union could be saved without destroying slavery. However, as the war progressed, Lincoln's goals changed from not only preserving the union, but also freeing the slaves and bringing back the CSA through the Emancipation Proclamation. To calm the northern anti­slavery forces, Lincoln used his constitutional powers to issue the Emancipation
Proclamation, which slowly freed slaves who presided in rebellious states, as well as the keeping the preservation of the Union as a war aim. At the beginning of the war, Lincoln’s ultimate goal was to fully preserve the Union. In
Document G, Lincoln addressed the Democratic party and told them to fight in order to save the
Union. He said to the Democratic party that he issued the Emancipation Proclamation to aid them in the war, so that they may be able to preserve the Union. This document also shows that
Lincoln was willing to do or say whatever it takes to preserve the Union. In Document A
Lincoln told Congress about a joint resolution that would save the Union from splitting. He told them that which ever state adopts gradual abolishment of slavery, would be given the pecuniary


aid to compensate them for the changes that happened in its system. Lincoln offered aid to the slave states in order to bring them back to the U.S. This document shows that Lincoln was willing to do whatever it takes to make the South rejoin the Union. The best way to stop the
Civil War was through the Emancipation Proclamation, which would benefit the United States foreign relations in Europe by turning the foreign popular opinion in the favor of the Union as it’s new anti­slavery cause. Also, the Proclamation would weaken the rebels forces by freeing their laborers as shown in Document B. By issuing the Proclamation, Lincoln hoped that the slaves living in the South would revolt against their masters, thereby weakening the rebels by drawing off their labor supply because the South depended on slavery as its economy. The economic difference could tip the scale in favor of Lincoln and the Union. Document L illustrates a picture of the first and sixteenth president of the United States, George Washington and Lincoln showing how the U.S should be united as one Union. It is true that George
Washington made started this country, but it was Abraham Lincoln who saved the United States from the brink of the inner destruction. On January, 1, 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be freed. In doing so, he weakened the rebelling states. As Document D shows, the quickest way to end the rebellion was through the Emancipation Proclamation which was a clean and quick way. Lincoln knew that anything else would just weaken the South, but the Proclamation would end this war in one swift cut. In Document C, Jefferson Davis addressed his Confederate Congress by saying that the
Proclamation is being used to subjugate the South. He supported his argument by stating that
“peaceful and contented laborers” are encouraged to kill their masters because of the


Proclamation, suggesting the former slaves may revolt against their white owners. Document E shows that many people were disappointed and honored by the issuing of the Emancipation
Proclamation, for example Hon.Albert Andrus, who questioned Lincoln’s motive when he issued