Appeasement Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability. Practiced by chamberlain to prevent Britain from going to war with Germany.
Blitzkrieg War strategy used by Germany, lightning war, surprise and fast.
Non-aggression pact 1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland. Hitler did this to avoid a two sided war and instead fight to the west only.
Pearl Harbor United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
# of Jews Killed: 6 million.
Fascism: political philosophy that advocates a strong nationalistic dictatorship.
Holocaust: Nazi German crime of killing more than 11 million Jews and other persecuted people in concentration camps
Nuremberg trials: war crime trials of Nazi leaders in Nuremberg, Germany.
Axis Powers : the group of nations---including Germany, Italy, and Japan—that opposed the Allies in WWII
President WWII: Roosevelt
Big Three: Term used to describe the leaders of Great Britain, France and the U.S.A who drew up the Treaty of Versailles - Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt
Rosie the Riveter: Symbolic personification of female laborers who took factory jobs in order to sustain U.S. production during WWII
Japanese internment: Similar to the Red Scare in WWI, many Americans feared Japanese Americans were a threat to American safety. 110,000 Japanese-Americans were forced into these camps because the US feared that they might act as saboteurs for Japan in case of invasion.
Genocide: Systematic killing of a group of people based on race, ethnicity, or other classification
Korematsu v USA: 1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. In 1988 Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 to each survivor
Manhattan Project: code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Battle of the Bulge: last German offensive against the invading allies, Germany lost. The Allies drove Germans back to the starting point
D-Day: June 6, 1944 Codename of the first day of the Operation Overlord.Turning point of war in Europe, British, American, and Canadian Forces stormed the beaches of NW France and set France free
VE Day: Stands for Victory In Europe, when the Germans surrendered on May 8, 1945
Commanders of Europe/ Pacific: Stalin, hitler, mussoluni.
Cold War and 1950’s
MacArthur: A General who commanded a broad offensive against the Japanese that would move north from Australia, through New Guinea, and eventually to the Philippines.
Truman Doctrine: President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Federal interstate and Defense Highway act: Federal legislation signed by Dwight D. Eisenhower to construct thousands of miles of modern highways in the name of national defense. Officially called the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act, this bill dramatically increased the move to the suburbs, as white middle-class people could more easily commute to urban jobs. (958)
American Dream: The widespread belief that the United States is a land of opportunity and that individual initiative and hard work can bring economic success.
Berlin Blockade: Stalin prevented resources and supplies from reaching West Berlin, hoping to starve the W.Berliners into