The Three Branches of Government Essay

Submitted By tuck33333
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Pages: 5

The Three Branches of U.S. Government The leaders at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 desired an unbiased, fair government. They believed they could keep a strong yet non-oppressive government form by creating three divided branches. The branches are the legislative, judicial and executive branches. The legislative branch is led by Congress which is split up into the Senate and the House of Representatives. The judicial branch is fronted by the Supreme Court. The executive branch is headed by the President of the United States. The three separate branches are necessary because it forms a sense of stability for the different motives of the different divisions. All three branches were made to be led by the supreme law of the United States, the Constitution. It clarifies how our entire government should be directed. The Constitution instituted the basic ethics of the United States government. The Founding Fathers, who were the delegates of the Constitutional Convention and the main contributors in the writing of the Constitution, were the people who decided to create the branches. They thought they could best keep the parameters of the Constitution by creating three different branches. This was said by the Founding Father James Madison in his fifty-first federalist paper, “but the great security against a gradual concentration of the several powers in the same department consists in giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others.” This passage basically explains how the separated branches will maintain a steady balance so they can contradict with each other but also correspond. Also, it makes it so that no man can become too powerful. The legislative branch, or legislature, consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which altogether makes Congress. Congress is much disliked but it is perhaps the most important branch. Congress’ main purpose is to create, write, and pass bill and laws. They discuss and debate if the law should be enacted. Some of the powers of Congress are to collect taxes, declare war, to regulate commerce, and to create laws. It is a very necessary and key part of our government. The Senate is made up of one hundred senators and each state has two senators. Senators serve for six years terms, and are elected by the people in their state. The Vice President is the head of Senate, but can only vote if the Senates tally results in a tie, which is very rare. The Senate has the authority to confirm or decline those who the President appoints. They also have to authorize treaties by a two thirds vote, or else it is vetoed. The House of Representatives are the people who pass federal legislation that affects the United States. Powers of the House include the ability to kick off bills, to impeach federal officials and to elect the President if the Electoral College vote does not produce a winner, which has never happened and is extremely uncommon. There are a total 435 representatives in America, and the states number of representatives is relative to its population. For example, the state of Virginia has eleven representatives, but Florida has twenty-five state representatives because Florida has a bigger population. The representatives have two year terms and, like the Senate, are voted in by popular vote. The legislative branches procedure is a lengthy yet well-organized process that both the House and Senate take in steps. First, the bill is introduced. Then, it is discussed within the subcommittees of the House of Representatives and the Senate. In the subcommittee, the bill can be amended or rejected. If the majority committee approves, they set a date for consideration. On the consideration date they scale an extensive discussion on whether it should be passed or not. Once all debate is over, they take a majority vote. If the bill wins the